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E91012
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連續休假中休閒活動參與特性之研究
The Study on Characteristics of Recreational Activities Participation during a Long Vacation
1.李晶
1.Ching Li
1.國立臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所
1.Graduate Institute of Sport and Leisure Management, National Taiwan Normal University
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1.國立臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所
1.Graduate Institute of Sport and Leisure Management, National Taiwan Normal University
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1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2002-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2003-07-31
2003-03-012003-05-31
A.16 收到日期:2003-09-18
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台灣地區農林漁牧、工業、服務業等三大行業

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C.2 聯絡日期:2003-09-19
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1.國立臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所
1.Graduate Institute of Sport and Leisure Management, National Taiwan Normal University
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C.7 資料公開日期:2003-08-01
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1.互動形式
2.時間特性
3.情緒體驗
4.運動自覺
1.Characteristics of Time Distribution
2.Emotional Experience
3.Perceived Exertion
4.Social Interactions
 本研究最主要的目的在於探討連續休假中休閒活動參與特性,包括:以休閒活動的多面向情緒體驗來代替心理狀態、運動自覺來表示生理狀態、互動形式來表示社 交狀態,而以時間特性來代表自由時間內對於休閒的時間分布。研究對象包含農林漁牧、工業及服務業三種,共11種職業。經隨機抽樣並以問卷調查進行研究,獲 得有效樣本722份,並利用單因子變異數分析、區別分析等統計方法分析後,主要研究結果如下:

(一)連續休假中的基本情緒感受以「融入」的感受程度最高,以「厭惡」的感受程度最低;情緒體驗以「輕鬆」的體驗佔最大比例,以「沒感覺」的職工佔最小比例。

(二)連續休假中的休閒活動運動自覺的感受以「跟平常沒兩樣」及「適中」佔最大比例。

(三)連續休假中的休閒活動的互動形式主要以「以兩人或兩人以上且以隨性的方式」及「情感交流」佔最大的比例。

(四)連續休假中的時間分配情形主要以「休假兩天」、「例假」為主;「以完全沒有從事工作相關事務」、「工作時間知覺非常少」;「休閒時數比介於 0.05~.149」、「休閒時數知覺適中」佔最大比例。休閒活動中的時間特性中主要以「旅遊類」的休閒活動;「實際參與頻率為5次以下」、「參與知覺頻 率適中」;「實際參與時間為1~3小時」、「參與知覺時間「適中」;「沒有受到干擾」的職工佔最大比例。

(五)在情緒體驗、運動自覺、互動形式及時間特性的交互作用

1. 情緒體驗對運動自覺的感受沒有顯著差異存在。

2. 情緒體驗對互動形式中的「活動方式」有顯著差異。

3. 活動種類對情緒體驗的感受達顯著差異。

4. 時間特性中的「休閒時數知覺」是為影響情緒體驗的關鍵性因素。

希望藉此研究瞭解目前國人安排較長自由時間的休閒型態,進而討論此段時間中休閒活動的特性,供休閒相關領域未來參考。

The purpose of this study was to apply the leisure emotional experience , perceived exertion, social interactions, and leisure time distributions to interpret the characteristics of recreational participation. The population of this study was the employees whose jobs were regulated by the Labor Standards Law and government employees. The study studied the 11 types of occupations and selected 722 subjects. The results of this study are: 1.During a vacation, the perception of the pure emotion “acceptance” was highly felt, on the contrast, the perception of the pure emotion “hatred” was scarcely experienced. Within the four types of emotional experience, “relax” was highly perceived;“no special feeling” was scarcely perceived. 2.During a vacation, the perception of exertion in leisure activities, “the same intensity as usual” and “moderate intensity” took most proportion. 3.“Two people or more than two people without special arranged way to join the activity” and “emotional interactions” took the most proportion of the type of the social interactions in leisure activities during a long vacation. 4.Within the characteristics of time distribution , ‘two-days vacation’, ‘official holidays’, ‘do nothing related to work’, ‘little perception of working hours’, the ratio of leisure hours was between 0.05-0.149, ‘moderate perception of leisure hours’ took the most proportion. Within the characteristics of time distribution in leisure involvement, ‘travel activity’, the practical involving frequency was less than five times, ‘proper perception of involving frequency’, ‘practical involving time was between 1-3hours’, ‘proper perception of involving time’, ‘without any interference’ took the most proportion. 5.Within the interaction of leisure emotional experience, perceived exertion, social interactions and the characteristics of time distribution,it was found that: (1)Emotional experience made no significant differences on perceived exertion. (2)Emotional experience influenced the social interaction significantly. (3)The categories of activities made significant differences on emotional experience. (4)In the section of time distribution, through discriminant analysis, the perception of leisure hours was the key factor that affected emotional experience. The results of this study will establish a model to explain the characteristics of recreation participation and interpret the characteristics of recreational activities during a long vacation.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2004-09-14
D.17 預定釋出日期:2003-08-01
D.18 初次釋出日期:2005-11-15
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2005-11-15
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E91012-1
http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E91012
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