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E91007
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理想親密伴侶與理想親密關係知識結構之探討研究
Study of Knowledge Structures of Ideal Intimate Partner and Ideal Intimate Relationship
1.李良哲
1.Liang-jei Lee
1.國立政治大學心理系
1.Department of Psychology, National Chengchi University
001,002,003,004
1.國立政治大學心理系
1.Department of Psychology, National Chengchi University
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1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2002-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2003-07-31
2003-01-152003-02-28
A.16 收到日期:2003-09-05
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年齡21-60歲已婚者或目前有親密異性朋友的男女

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C.2 聯絡日期:2003-09-09
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1.國立政治大學心理系
1.Department of Psychology, National Chengchi University
1
C.7 資料公開日期:2003-08-01
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1.性別差異
2.知識結構
3.理想親密伴侶
4.理想親密關係
1.Gender Differences
2.Ideal Intimate Partner
3.Ideal Intimate Relationship
4.Knowledge Structures
 基於親密關係的社會認知觀點與演化觀點,人們對親密關係伴侶個人特徵與親密關係特徵持有理想的認知基模,此理想親密關係的認知基模是人們對親密對象與親 密關係的標準或期待。研究一蒐集國內本土有關理想親密伴侶的個人特徵與理想親密關係的關係特徵。研究二結果顯示理想親密伴侶的知識結構以六個因素(內在資 源、溫暖親和、行動吸引力、可信、外表吸引力、外在資源)或以三個因素(溫暖可信、吸引力、資源)代表為宜;理想親密關係的知識結構以三個因素(親密忠 誠、熱情、平等)或以兩個因素(親密忠誠、熱情平等)為宜。研究三以驗證性因素分析考驗知識結構模式的適配度,結果顯示理想親密伴侶與理想親密關係的知識 結構都以三個因素代表為佳。研究三結果也顯示理想親密伴侶與理想親密關係知識結構內容成分重要性有較明顯的性別差異現象。兩性雖然都比較重視溫暖親和、內 在資源、可信等個人內在特質,而較不重視外在資源、外表吸引力、行動吸引力等外在個人特質,但女性比男性更重視內在資源、溫暖親和、行動吸引力、外在資 源,男性比女性重視外表吸引力。女性也比男性更重視親密忠誠、平等關係特質。各知識結構內容成分理想-實際差異與親密關係品質大多呈現顯著相關,其中以親 密忠誠理想-實際差異與親密關係品質的相關性最為明顯。各知識結構內容理想-實際差異與親密關係品質間的關係呈現有不同親密關係階段間的差異。未婚者在二 者間的關係較薄弱,但婚齡較短者在二者間的關係較強。研究發現在文中有更深入的討論。

Based on the social-cognitive perspectives and evolutionary perspectives of intimate relationships, human hold the cognitive schema of ideal partner and ideal relationship in intimate relationships which are represented of standards and expectations toward ideal partner and ideal relationship. Study 1 collected personal traits of ideal intimate partner and relationship characteristics of ideal intimate relationship in Chinese society. The results of Study 2 revealed that knowledge structures of an ideal intimate partner were better represented by 6 factors (internal resources, warmth-affiliation, action attractiveness, trustworthiness, physical attractiveness, and external resources) or 3 factors (warmth-trustworthiness, attractiveness, and resources), whereas knowledge structures of an ideal intimate relationship were better represented by 3 factors (intimacy-loyalty, passion, and equality) or 2 factors (intimacy-loyalty and passion-equality). Study 3 examined goodness-of-fit of knowledge structures models with confirmatory factor analysis, the results showed that both knowledge structures of ideal intimate partner and ideal intimate relationship were more fit represented by 3 factors. Study 3 also revealed that the importance of knowledge structures contents of ideal intimate partner and ideal intimate relationship showed significant gender differences. Although both sexes emphasized internal traits (warmth-affiliation, internal resources, and trustworthiness) more than external traits (external resources, physical attractiveness, and action attractiveness), but women emphasized internal resources, warm-affiliation, action attractiveness, external resources more than did men, and men emphasized physical attractiveness more than did women. In addition, women emphasized both intimacy-loyalty and equality relationship characteristics more than did men. Most of the discrepancies between the ideals and the current partner and relationship showed positively related to perceived quality of intimate relationship, especially discrepancy of intimacy-loyalty were more prominent. In addition, the relationship between discrepancies and perceived quality of intimate relationship revealed relationship stage differences, the relations were weaker in unmarried but stronger in shorter married. The implications of these findings were discussed in the text.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2004-02-24
D.17 預定釋出日期:2004-03-18
D.18 初次釋出日期:2004-03-18
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2004-03-18
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E91007-1
https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E91007
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