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E91004
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危險因子、保護因子與少年內化及外化問題之相關性探究
Internalizing and Externalizing Behavior Problems in Adolescence: Examining the Influence of Risk and Protective Factors
1.陳毓文
1.Yu-wen Chen
1.國立臺灣大學社會工作學系暨研究所
1.Department and Graduate Institute of Social Work, National Taiwan Unversity
001,002,003,004
1.國立臺灣大學社會工作學系暨研究所
1.Department and Graduate Institute of Social Work, National Taiwan Unversity
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2002-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2003-07-31
2003-03-202003-05-28
A.16 收到日期:2003-08-01
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13-18歲的在學少年

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2406
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C.2 聯絡日期:2003-08-01
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1.國立臺灣大學社會工作學系暨研究所
1.Department and Graduate Institute of Social Work, National Taiwan Unversity
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C.7 資料公開日期:2005-08-01
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1.內化與化外問題行為
2.少年
3.危險因子
4.保護因子
1.adolescents
2.internalizing and externalizing behavior problems
3.protective factors
4.risk factors
 國內有關少年問題之研究多著重於單一外化性偏差行為,且以探究影響這些行為產生的相關危險因素為論述重點,卻忽略少年發展與環境因素所帶來的壓力與因之 而生的內化問題,以及可能緩衝危險因子對問題影響之保護因子的本質。雖然國內實務工作界已經開始談論「優勢觀點」對解決案主問題的重要性,但學術界的相關 研究則付之闕如。因此,本研究希望能突破過去研究的限制,而提出以下三項研究目的:1)檢視國內少年外化與內化問題的現況與共存性。2)檢視危險因子與保 護因子之互動本質對少年內化及外化問題之解釋力。3)比較這些因素對少年內化及外化問題影響之異同。綜合國外近幾年相關的文獻結果與理論架構,本研究在此 應用Fitzpatrick (1997) 所提出之「緩衝架構」來檢視危險因子、保護因子與少年內外化問題行為之相關性本質,並採用量化的研究方法來驗證此架構是否成立。本研究的研究母體為台灣地 區國中與高職的在學少年,在抽樣方法上,採部分多階段叢集隨機抽樣的方式,共取得樣本數為2,406名,平均年齡為15.2歲。本研究結果顯示:少年外化 與內化問題的確具有共存的特性,而且部分保護因子對於部分危險因子的確具有緩衝的作用,本研究最後根據以上發現提出一些相關建議。

Studies in Taiwan about youth tend to focus on specific externalizing problem behavior, and on risk factors that are associated with the problem behavior. In comparison, studies about internalizing problem behaviors as well as protective factors that can help modify the impact of risk are much fewer. Though in Taiwan, the strength perspective has obtained some attention in social work practice, related research has not been done yet. In order to fill the gap, this study intends to achieve the following three aims: 1) to examine the extent and comorbidity of adolescents’ internalizing and externalizing problem behaviors in Taiwan. 2) To study the influence of protective and risk factors in the development of problem behaviors in adolescence. 3) To compare the effects of different risk and protective factors associated with adolescent problem behaviors. On the basis of previous research, this study attempts to test a “buffering model”, which was proposed by Fitzpatrick in 1997. According to this model, protective factors can moderate the effect of exposure to risk factors, resulting in reduced incidence of problem behaviors. Quantitative data were collected by means of questionnaires administered in the group setting. Using the multi-stage cluster sampling method, a total of 2,406 adolescents with a mean age of 15.2 participated in this study. Findings indicate that adolescents’ internalizing and externalizing problem behaviors do correlate significantly, and some protective factors have moderating effects on some those problems. The study concludes with suggestions based on the above findings.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2004-06-08
D.17 預定釋出日期:2005-08-01
D.18 初次釋出日期:2005-08-01
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2005-08-01
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E91004-1
https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E91004
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