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E90059
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暴力犯罪少年刺青行為與其相關因素調查研究
Study on the Tattoo Behavior and its Related Factors for the Juvenile Violent Offenders
1.林瑞欽
1.Rueih-chin Lin
1.國立中正大學犯罪防治研究所
1.Department and Graduate Institute of Criminology, National Chung Cheng University
001,002,003,004
1.國立中正大學犯罪防治研究所
1.Department and Graduate Institute of Criminology, National Chung Cheng University
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1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2001-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2002-07-31
A.16 收到日期:2002-12-24
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全國暴力犯罪少年

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C.2 聯絡日期:2002-12-30
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1.國立中正大學犯罪防治研究所
1.Department and Graduate Institute of Criminology, National Chung Cheng University
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六年,有但書

C.7 資料公開日期:2008-08-01
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008
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1.正負向情緒
2.自我統合
3.刺青
4.刺青態度
5.刺激尋求需求
6.偶像崇拜
1.Attitudes toward Tattooing
2.Idolatry
3.Positive and Negative Emotion
4.Self-identity
5.Sensation Seeking
6.Tattoo
本研究首在探究暴力犯罪少年的刺青態度與行為,次則探究其人口特性、刺激尋求需求、自我統合、正負向情緒、偶像崇拜、刺青態度與刺青行為之間的關係。本研究 以全國暴力犯罪少年為母群體,採分層隨機抽樣的方式,抽取1496位少年為樣本,施以自編少年刺青態度問卷,共得有效樣本1280 位,有效樣本回收率約為86%。以描述統計、卡方考驗、t-test、單因子變異數分析、區別分析等方式進行資料分析。本研究結果顯示:暴力犯罪少年刺青 盛行率為52.8%,有刺青者以16-18 歲、國中肄業、無業中、低社經地位、三次以下的犯罪紀錄、第一次被捕年齡為「13-15 歲」、一次機構收容、有四個以上有犯罪紀錄的好友者居多。暴力犯罪少年的刺青行為:以初刺年齡在13-15 歲、「臨時決定」刺青、刺青地點在「朋友家」、由「朋友」幫忙刺青、身上刺青數為一個、面積「大於二個手掌」等為多數。刺青部位多半在「上、下手臂」及肩 膀。「鬼頭」圖案最多,且圖案都是「沒有特殊意義」。因受「同學」影響、覺得「刺青是一種藝術」而去刺青者佔多數。刺青前有「期待」者為多、剛刺青完時也 感覺高興;但現在大多有除青意願(68.7%);想除刺青是因為刺青會「被朋友排斥」、不除刺青則是因為「刺青會增加自信」。在672 位刺青受試者中約有一成三自承受到幫派的影響,且其藥物濫用情形顯著高於無刺青受試者。尋求不為社會接受行為之刺激需求愈強、自信愈低、愈認同偶像、對刺 青正面評價愈高與負面評價愈低者,則其刺青意願愈高。上述五項心理變項能顯著解釋41%的刺青意願總變異量。此外,僅「年齡」、「教育」、「準刺青經 驗」、「收容次數」、「家人犯罪人數」、「刺青意願」、「負向情緒」、「認同偶像」等八個變項能正確區分出75.5%的刺青與無刺青受試者。最後再依據研 究發現,對青少年輔導人員、後續研究、家長及少年提出具體建議。

The primary purposes of this study were to investigate the juvenile violent offenders’ tattooing behavior and its relationships with their demographics, needs of sensation seeking, self-identity, emotion states, idolatry, and attitudes toward tattooing. 1,280 subjects were administered by the tattoo questionnaire. The main findings show that 52.8% of the juvenile violent offenders experienced tattooing and most of their age are at 16 to 18. Most of them are dropped from junior high school, unemployed, and low SES. Most of them had one or two offense recorders, arrested at the age 13 to 15 for the first time, one time incarceration, with more than four offender friends. Most subjects tattooed at the age 13 to 15, and made a decision to tattoo without consideration. Most tattoos were made by their friends and tattooed at their friends’ house. Over two-thirds of tattooed subjects want to clean their tattoos, because they are afraid of being rejected by new friends. Thirteen percent of tattooed subjects have join the gangs. Tattooed subject were more involved in substance abuse than non-tattooed ones. The subjects’ desire of seeking unconventional behaviors, identification with idols, positive and negative attitudes toward tattoos, and self-confidence can explain about 41% of the variance of the willingness of tattooing. Age, education, pre-tattooing, numbers of incarceration, numbers of criminal family members, willingness of tattooing, negative emotion, and identification with idols can discriminate correctly 75.5% of the tattooed and non-tattooed subjects. The further applications for this study were also discussed.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2004-08-23
D.17 預定釋出日期:2008-08-01
D.18 初次釋出日期:2008-08-01
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2008-08-01
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E90059-1
http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E90059
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