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E90052
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008
人際和諧與忍讓價值觀:從人際衝突因應看代間差異
Value System behind Interpersonal Conflict---To Tap the Generation Gap from the Dialogues between Adolescent and Their Parents
1.羅國英
1.Kuo-ying Lo
1.東吳大學社會工作學系(所)
1.Department of Sociology, Soochow University
001,002,003,004
1.東吳大學社會工作學系(所)
1.Department of Sociology, Soochow University
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2001-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2002-07-31
2001-12-012001-12-312002-02-012002-02-282002-03-012002-03-312002-05-012002-05-31
A.16 收到日期:2002-11-12
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國中一、二年級學生及其家長(台灣省都會區)

1

995


995
004
01
C.2 聯絡日期:2002-11-25
2
1.東吳大學社會工作學系(所)
1.Department of Sociology, Soochow University
1
C.7 資料公開日期:2004-08-01
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008
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1.人際衝突
2.和諧信念
3.青少年
4.價值觀
5.親子對偶
1.Adolescents
2.Family Dyads
3.Harmony Belief
4.Interpersonal Conflict
5.Value Preference
本研究的主要目的是探討目前台灣的青少年世代,在人際和諧與忍讓的價值觀上,和他們的父母是否存有明顯的代間差異,同時探討這些價值觀對於人們評價各種人際 衝突情境,會有多大的影響。研究分兩階段進行,第一階段針對一千多名國中一、二年級的學生以及他們的家長(父親或母親),調查他們對於相關價值觀的重視程 度,旨在比較兩代之間的差異。第二階段的研究則針對上述第二個目的,從第一階段的受訪群中徵求自願者參與三次的後續活動,每一次活動都請參與者針對一些人 際衝突事例,評判故事主角的行為(包括贊同度及各種正負面語意判斷),並進行親子對談,最後並檢驗這些活動是否有益於促進親子間的相互瞭解或是具有改變價 值觀或人際自信的效果。 研究結果顯示世代間雖有一些差異,但並不那麼明顯絕對。年輕一代比起他們的父母,的確比較不那麼排斥人際衝突,也比較重視自我伸張的價值觀,但價值觀差異 僅指相對重視程度而言(如果用原始分數來看,年長的一代對於各種價值的重視程度都比年輕一代高)。兩代之間對於各種人際衝突的評價也有相當多的差異,但兩 代做衝突判斷時的潛在語意向度其實相當的相似,用來區別不同衝突情境的主要向度同樣是「人情考量」和「現實理性」。價值觀和各種人際衝突事例判斷之間都只 有零散而微弱的相關。價值觀加上其他相關變數(包括:關於爭執或退讓的信念、對傳統人情運作的接受程度、以及人們對於社會現狀的認知等因素)共同來預測衝 突評價時,預測能力仍然相當有限,而且預測模式並不穩定,很多情況預測力根本不顯著,對於各種不同的人際衝突情境,能具有顯著預測力的變數也並不一致,不 過相對而言,價值觀對父母群體似乎具有比較穩定而重要的意義。整體來說,兩代在觀念上確實有一些差異,新世代似乎是不斷但相當緩慢的走向個人主義價值觀, 也越來越傾向於主張「人際和諧雖然重要,但未必要用退讓或委曲求全的手段」。 受訪者對於參與第二階段的親子討論活動普遍有正面的回饋,認為這樣的討論對自身有益,也有助於親子的相互了解,其中父母們的反應又比青少年更正面。這一系 列活動並沒有造成任何一方價值觀的顯著改變,但對於青少年的人際自信卻有一些影響--部分青少年的人際自信有些微降低的現象。研究者原本猜測青少年在與父 母分享討論人際難題之後,可能會因為曾經深入思考因應之道而變得較有自信,但結果卻似乎剛好相反,顯示這樣的活動目前只能做到讓他們察覺做人的難處,卻並 未能協助他們找到適當的因應或解決的方法。

Chinese culture has been characterized by its emphasis on interpersonal harmony and tolerance. However, this cultural legacy has been challenged for the recent decades. Young people tend to be more and more reluctant to yield or to tolerate in interpersonal conflicts. This study was aimed to explore the generation gap between the teenagers and their parents, and to explore the role of this value orientation plays in people’s judgments of interpersonal conflicts as well. The author argues that there be other factors need to be considered in addition to the simple reports of value priority. The factors considered in this study include how the rules of Guanxi and Renqing are accepted by different generations, how do they perceive the social reality, and how do they reorganize the value system about interpersonal interaction in their social context. The author made a series of survey-and-interview to about 200 families for several times. Anticipants are invited from a first phase survey as a basis, which included about 1100 families with two members for each family (a adolescent child and one of the parents). A special design for this study is that the anticipants instead of the researcher will do the interviews. The author invited the parent-child dyads to report their opinions about interpersonal conflict at first and then discuss with each other on the issues provided in the questionnaires. Besides filling up the questionnaires about their discussion, some of the anticipants were also asked to record their conversations. Similar procedures as above were conducted for three times, with intervals of 3 to 4 months between each. The results regarding generation gap upon value orientations are consistent with that found in previous studies. Yet the differences are not so obvious and absolute as some people may imagine. The author argued that the change of value orientation among generations is slow, in a sense back and forth, but all the way toward individualism. New generation still emphasize social or interpersonal harmony a lot, while they are less and less willing to regard self-restrain or self-sacrifice as a virtue of that importance. It is hoped that parent-child dialogues upon the issues of interpersonal conflicts will not only reveal their value systems, but also be beneficial to adolescents’ development of social self-identity and to their parent-child relationship as well. The results show that the beneficial effect is partly evident. Most of the anticipants give positive feedbacks in terms of parent-child communication and self-perceived personal growth. Yet to the dismay of the author, part of the adolescents attended in the study get lower scores on self-confidence on social competence after attending these activities.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2004-05-12
D.17 預定釋出日期:2004-08-01
D.18 初次釋出日期:2004-08-03
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2004-08-03
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E90052-1
https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E90052
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