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E90019
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和諧或正義:價值判斷中的價值衝突
Harmony versus Justice: Value Conflict in Valuation
1.王叢桂
1.Chung-kwei Wang
1.東吳大學心理學系(所)
1.Department of Psychology, Soochow University
001,002,003,004
1.東吳大學心理學系(所)
1.Department of Psychology, Soochow University
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2001-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2002-07-31
2002-05-012002-07-31
A.16 收到日期:2002-09-30
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助人專業:心理諮詢、社工與法律工作者

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001,003
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C.2 聯絡日期:2002-10-02
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1.東吳大學心理學系(所)
1.Department of Psychology, Soochow University
1
C.7 資料公開日期:2004-08-01
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008
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001
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1.正義
2.和諧
3.相互依附
4.價值
5.價值判斷
6.獨立
1.Harmony
2.Independence
3.Interdependence
4.Justice
5.Valuation
6.Value
本研究的目的在驗證受過源自歐美的助人專業科系訓練的華人在面對人際衝突情境時,其價值系統中的個人價值與專業價值是否會有衝突?個體會基於何種價值進 行價值判斷?研究者以受歐美個人主義取向價值影響甚重之法律與助人專業工作者(包含社會工作人員與心理諮詢工作者)為對象,進行訪談與團體座談,探討其主 要專業價值體系的內涵,並分析當在協助受害者時,他們承襲自傳統的以「人際和諧」及「完整與和諧的家庭」為中心的價值觀,是否與其接受的專業中所強調的 「正義」與「個人獨立自主」價值觀相衝突?個體如何面對此種衝突,建立其自處之道? 本研究分為三個部分,首先經由質化訪談社工員與律師法官,瞭解他們在實際協助個案時所遇到的問題與困境,根據訪談結果,選擇比較有爭議與衝突的家暴情境, 設計一系列問題,以法律與助人專業工作學生為對象進行研究一,而後修改問卷以實務工作者(包含社會工作人員與心理諮詢工作者)為對象,請他們分別就個人價 值、受暴者在受試在該家暴情境下可能重視的價值、與專業價值來預測他們是否會支持受暴者做出受暴後回歸家庭,以及受暴後離婚的決定。研究結果顯示:在協助 受暴者的離婚決定中,專業工作者本身的價值觀會使其在協助受暴婦女時,以家庭而不是以婦女本身為對象,傳統重視和諧家庭與給孩子完整家庭的想法仍會影響專 業工作者的思考做出偏向支持受暴者回家的決定。另外專業工作者若覺得家暴原因是可以改變的則會不同意受試離婚。這兩項結果支持重視家庭和諧會影響孩子發展 的觀念對助人專業工作者有相當影響。本研究結果中與研究者假設不同且值的進一步探索者為:重視個人成長價值觀者反而不支持妻子離婚,由於測量此項價值的題 目與測量和諧、忍讓、建立和諧家庭、建立有秩序社會等題目屬於同一個因素之內,這顯示受試者重視的個人成長可能與西方個人取向的個人成長不同,而是能顧及 家庭和諧的個人成長,或者是面對問題、解決問題的個人成長。

The aim of this study is to explore the content of value systems of forensic and helping profession workers. It is suggested that these professions, which originate from Europe-American’s individual oriented culture may acculturate these workers with core values such as “justice” or “independence”. These core values may be in conflict with values such as “harmony” and ”interdependence”, which are core values of Chinese collective oriented culture. The study will be conducted by interview, focus group, survey and experiments. The relationship between traditional value identification, value judgment and relationship type between those involved in social conflicts will be examined via survey data.

The researcher conducted a series of deep interview and one focus group with social workers, lawyer and family court judge. Base on interview results, I chose the family violence case, in which wife was the victim, as the core case and ask students and practitioners to evaluate their own values and to infer victims’ values. Both values and values these professions were used as estimator to predict whether they support the victim to seek divorce or go back home. Results suggested that traditional Chinese values, which emphasize tolerance and sacrifices for family and children, still influence these professionals decision. It is also suggested that ‘individual growth’ may have different meaning for western helping profession from their Taiwanese counterparts.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2004-04-01
D.17 預定釋出日期:2004-08-01
D.18 初次釋出日期:2004-08-02
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2004-08-02
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E90019-1
http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E90019
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