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E89114
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都會區大眾捷運場站開發規模之研究
A Study of the Area Scale of Rapid Transit Stations
1.何東波
1.Tong-po Ho
1.國立成功大學都市計劃學系
1.Department of Urban Planning, National Cheng Kung University
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1.國立成功大學都市計劃學系
1.Department of Urban Planning, National Cheng Kung University
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1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2000-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2001-07-31
2000-10-012001-03-31
A.16 收到日期:2002-11-25
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高雄捷運紅線兩旁300公尺範圍內之住宅

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C.2 聯絡日期:2003-01-22
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1.國立成功大學都市計劃學系
1.Department of Urban Planning, National Cheng Kung University
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C.7 資料公開日期:2001-08-01
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1.旅行時間價值
2.旅行距離價值
3.競租
1.Bid Rent
2.Value of Travel Distance
3.Value of Travel Time
大眾捷運系統對都市空間結構有關鍵性的影響。如何事先獲知不動產價格的變動量,是規劃單位、大眾運輸單位、不動產開發業者以及居民等均關切的問題。本文提出 一套簡捷的捷運車站對不動產價格影響之推估方法,可應用到分析或預估捷運車站之服務範圍、捷運車站之服務人口、及服務範圍家戶之社經屬性。 本文以交通運輸與土地利用均衡理論(Anas, 1979)為基礎,利用通勤所節省之時間價值與不動產價格替代關係之理論。建立房租效用函數(Wheaton, 1977)可估算時間與距離之屬性價格,進而推算捷運車站對不動產價格之影響。利用本文提出的預測方法可分析捷運車站服務範圍與服務人口。另經由家戶社經 屬性分層建立之房租效用函數,可以分析捷運車站毗鄰地區的進駐家戶類型。再則,以旅次分佈模型可估計各個捷運場車站之旅客數,進而可推估捷運車站開發的面 積規模。 本文以高雄都會區捷運系統為實證研究對象。經以家戶住宅問卷抽樣調查所獲得之資料進行分析;結果顯示:越接近郊區的捷運場站之不動產價格影響範圍越大。且 不同的社經背景之家戶之願付房租確有顯著不同。應用在捷運車站面積規模方面獲得:中心商業區之捷運車站所需之面積規模最大,其次是城中區,最小為郊區之場 站。

A rapid transit system usually has a significant impact on urban spatial structure, which includes changing of real estate prices. Future real estate prices induced by a rapid transit investment are usually concerned by varied people, such as city planners, transportation civil officials, land developers, residents, etc. This article provides a process to estimate real estate prices. The process is not only based on land-use general equilibrium theory, but also convenient to use. The estimated real-estate prices could be applied to calculate or forecast the service areas, service population, socio-economic characteristics of surrounding residents, and the floor area size of any transit station. Based on an equilibrium theorem of transportation and land use, Anas\'s(1979) spatial equilibrium model is applied and extended in this paper. By using regression technique, rent utility functions (Wheaton, 1977) are established by which the value of travel time and the value of distance could be calculated and estimated. By applying trade-off theory of savings of travel time and land prices, the real-estate prices are estimated from travel cost savings of a rapid transit system. Stratifying households into different types of socioeconomic characteristics, rent utility functions are developed in order to analyze the bid rents of each household type, we could analyze and compare which household type might willingness-to-pay the highest rent and then probably move into transit station areas. Trip distribution models are also developed and used to forecast potential passengers and floor area sizes of each transit stations. Kaohsiung Metropolitan area is selected to be an empirically study area. Data based on a household survey is used to develop rent utility functions. Existing trip OD data is used to develop trip distribution models. By conducting the estimation process of changing real estate price proposed in this paper, the empirical results show as follows. Real estate price and service area of a suburban transit station tends to be larger than the ones in inner city. Different household types of socioeconomic characteristics do have different willingness-to-pay of real estate prices. In terms of floor areas, a transit station in downtown area has the largest size, that has middle size in midtown area, and that has the smallest size in suburban area.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2004-01-28
D.17 預定釋出日期:2004-02-16
D.18 初次釋出日期:2004-05-27
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2004-05-27
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E89114-1
http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E89114
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