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E89079
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都會中心專業化與分散化之研究:新竹都會區、台南都會區
A Study of the Specialization and Decentralization in the Core of Metropolis
1.金家禾
1.Chia-ho Ching
1.國立台北大學地政學系
1.Department of Land Economics and Administration, National Taipei University
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1.國立台北大學地政學系
1.Department of Land Economics and Administration, National Taipei University
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):1999-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2000-07-31
2000-02-012000-05-31
A.16 收到日期:2000-11-09
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C.2 聯絡日期:2000-11-15
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1.國立台北大學地政學系
1.Department of Land Economics and Administration, National Taipei University
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C.7 資料公開日期:2000-08-01
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1.分散化
2.空間結構
3.高階服務業
4.專業化
5.都會中心
1.Decentralization
2.High Order Services (HOS)
3.Metropolitan Core
4.Spatial Structure
5.Specialization
都 會區之產業結構及其中心區之地位一直是空間結構及規劃者關切之主題,有論者認為郊區之蓬勃發展吸引許多原位於市中心區之產業遷往郊區發展,造成市中心區衰 微;但亦有認為分散化未必造成市中心區衰微,而是促使其專業化程度之提昇,使其中心性更形鞏固。本研究以台灣五大都會區(本年度新竹及台南都會區)為對 象,運用工商服務業普查資料,結合產業營運場所變遷之抽樣調查,分析都會區產業空間結構之發展,及都會中心經濟地位之變遷,研究發現台南都會區製造業呈分 散發展,及除金融、保險及不動產業外其於商業及服務業皆呈聚集於都會中心區發展,但近年來漸呈向外圍擴散發展之現象;新竹都會區則呈現不同之發展模式,除 製造業呈聚集於都會中心區發展外,其餘各類產業皆呈現分散化發展,且其高階服務依賴台北都會區之提供。本年度並整合三年度不同都會區之研究成果,分析比較 五都會區分散化或專業化程度與模式之異同及形成差異之原因。結論為都台灣五都會區發展模式不同來自於各都會區本身之地理區位、功能分工、產業發展結構、及 空間發展政策等條件之不同,且都會中心區未必因郊區之蓬勃發展而衰微。

The evolution of metropolitan economic spatial structure and the role of its central area are always the essential matters concerned by spatial structure researchers and planners. Certain scholars assert that the prosperity of suburbs leads the core to a decline. Other authors, however, have suggested that the growth of suburbs may also be the reflection of a strong metropolitan core whose economic base is in increasing specialization. Under the leadership of the specialized core center, the metropolis is reconsolidating as an integrated spatial unit with highly competitive production networks. This year examines the industrial structure changes and situations of specialization and decentralization in two metropolises -Tainan & Hsinchu. The databases of DGBS’s Industrial and Commercial Census, are used in the empirical analysis covers the years of 1981, 1986, 1991 and 1996. Firms surveys by postal questionnaire were also undertaken for those highly dynamic sectors concerning their movements and reasons, their scale, and, the floor areas they occupied etc. The results indicate that Tainan’s manufacturing and FIRE (finance, insurance, real restate) sector have presented decentralized development. In Hsinchu, differently, only manufacturing sector aggregates in the core area, other sectors have diffused. This area’s high order services (HOS) sector did not develop well, with the situation of depending on Taipei’s services.A comparison of Taiwanese five metropolises is also undertaken, in the differences of development context and the patterns of specialization/ decentralization. The differences resulted from their contexts in geographic locations, functions, industrial structure and spatial development policies.The study also concludes that the prosperity of suburbs is not necessary leading the core to a decline.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2003-08-22
D.17 預定釋出日期:2003-09-11
D.18 初次釋出日期:2003-09-18
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2003-09-18
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E89079-1
http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E89079
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