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E89018
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智慧財產權保護對廠商區位選擇之影響:理論與實證研究
The Impacts of IPR Protection for Firms\' Location Choices: Theory and Evidence
1.李揚
1.Yang Li
1.國立暨南國際大學國際企業系
1.Department of Internation Bussiness Studies, National Chi Nan Unversity
001,002,003,004
1.國立暨南國際大學國際企業系
1.Department of Internation Bussiness Studies, National Chi Nan Unversity
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):1999-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2001-01-31
A.16 收到日期:2001-02-01
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台灣地區對外投資之電子業及紡織業

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143


143
001,002,003
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C.2 聯絡日期:2001-02-01
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1.國立暨南國際大學國際企業系
1.Department of Internation Bussiness Studies, National Chi Nan Unversity
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C.7 資料公開日期:2001-02-01
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1.區位選擇
2.智慧財產權
3.對外投資
1.Foreign Direct Investment
2.Gittins-index Approach
3.Incomplete Information
4.Intellectual Property Rights
5.Location Choice
6.Multinational Enterprises
自從《與貿易有關的智慧財產權》(TRIPS)的議題被排入 1986 年關貿總協(GATT)的烏拉圭回合談判後,許多學者即針對智慧財產權的保護對國際投資的影響加以分析與探討。就國際投資理論而言,跨國企業對外投資,除 了考量廠商本身在生產成本上具有的比較利益外,被投資國之環境(包括政治政策、法律、經濟、文化與智慧財產權保護的環境)亦是重要的考量因素。一般而言, 廠商在制訂國際直接投資決策時,對投資環境無法取得完全的資訊(包括被投資國智慧財產權司法執行成效)。因此,本計劃擬建立一個動態模型探討在國際投資環 境擁有不完全資訊的情況下,智慧財產權保護行為對跨國企業之國際投資決策的影響。 本研究利用 Gittins-Index Approach 探討廠商對國外投資環境具有不完全資訊的情況下(包括投資報酬率、及實質智慧財產權保護水準),智慧財產權保護行為如何影響廠商對外投資最適區位的選取。 結果發現:(1)預期投資報酬越高或預期智慧財產權保護水準越高的地區,越容易吸引外來投資者;(2)投資報酬或智慧財產權保護水準變異越大的地區,越容 易吸引外來投資者。 本研究利用 multinomial logit model 分析廠商對外投資最適區位選取模式;實證結果並未顯示智慧財產權保護水準會影響廠商海外投資區位的選擇。

Since Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights had been put on the agenda of the Uruguay Round of trade negotiations under the GATT, many scholars studied how intellectual property rights (IPRs) affect the foreign direct investment(FDI). After then, IPRs have been become the one of important international trade polices for developed countries, especially for the U.S. An important policy for Taiwan to face the grand change of 21th century is to set the Asia-Pacific Regional Operations Center on Taiwan. Hence, it is clearly worth to explore how the protection levels of IPRs will influence multinational enterprises\' FDI decision making. According to the FDI theory, multinational enterprises\' FDI decision making not only considers their own specific advantage, but also concerns the target country\'s investment environment, including the environment of political policies, law, economies, culture, and IPRs. On the other hand, when making foreign direct investment decision, firms generally can obtain complete information about the foreign investment environment. Hence, this project tries to set a dynamic model to explore how the protection levels of IPRs affect the multinational enterprises\' FDI decision making, given that firms have the incomplete information about the foreign investment environment. This research applied Gittins-index approach to study how the protection levels of IPRs will influence the location choice of the multinational enterprises\' FDI decision making, given that firms have the incomplete information (including the return of investment and the real protection levels of IPRs) about the foreign markets. We show: (1) the higher the expected return of investment and/or theexpected protection levels of IPRs, the more the country attracts foreign investment; (2) more variability in the return of investment and/or the protection level of IPRs increase the attraction of a country.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2002-04-09
D.17 預定釋出日期:2002-06-06
D.18 初次釋出日期:2002-06-06
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2002-06-06
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E89018-1
https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E89018
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