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E88126
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政治體系變遷與選舉行為:民國八十七年第四屆立法委員選舉之分析
Political System Change and Electoral Behavior: An Analysis of Voting Behavior in the 1998 Legislative Yuan Election
1.陳德禹
1.Te-yu Chen
1.國立臺灣大學政治系
1.Department of Political Science, National Taiwan University
001,002,003,004
1.國立臺灣大學政治系
1.Department of Political Science, National Taiwan University
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.Natioanl Sciense Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):1998-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2000-01-31
A.16 收到日期:2000-05-10
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民國八十七年第四屆立委選舉,台灣地區年滿二十歲以上之合格選民

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1357
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SRDA.AS006
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16
C.2 聯絡日期:2000-05-11
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1.國立臺灣大學政治系
1.Department of Political Science, National Taiwan University
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C.7 資料公開日期:2002-02-01
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008
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1.投票行為
2.李登輝情節
3.政治文化
4.政黨印象
5.政黨偏好
6.政黨認同
7.國家認同
8.族群認同
9.統獨問題
1.Ethnic Identity
2.Lee Teng-hui Complex
3.National Identity
4.Party Image
5.Party Preference
6.Political Culture
7.Voting Behavior
「政 治體系變遷與選舉行為:民國八十七年四屆立委選舉的分析」調查計畫是由國立台灣大學政治學研究所「政治體系變遷與選舉行為研究室」執行。旨在透過調查 1998年舉辦之立法委員選舉中的選民投票行為,觀察社會與環境因素對選民投票決定的影響;同時本計畫也企圖觀察民意代表選舉「多席位選區制」對投票意向 的影響、大眾媒體的應用、國內主要政黨板塊變遷等議題,以建立符合台灣情境的研究理論。 本資料檔為「政治體系變遷與選舉行為:民國八十七年四屆立委選舉的分析」的問卷資料,問卷內容包括個人背景(籍貫、職業、信仰、社會階層等)、是否參加政 黨或政黨傾向、對政黨性質認識與評價、對公共事務的看法、國族認同與兩岸議題、對國家體制與社會價值的意見、對總統李登輝的評價、大眾媒體使用頻率與模 式、選舉活動的參與及程度、投票決定與影響因素、選後感想、過去投票經驗、統獨議題、是否聽聞賄選情況、對選務的公正性信賴程度、社群關係與人際網路等。 本計畫以台灣地區年滿二十歲以上具選舉權之公民為研究母體,並以中選會公佈之全國選舉人名冊為抽樣清冊。抽樣方法採分層分段抽樣原則,首先依都市化程度分 出台灣省、台北市、高雄市、縣轄市與鄉鎮五層;每層再按1998年立委選舉中三黨得票率進行分層,共分出十二層。接著依各層選民數占全國選舉人數比例計算 應抽出的樣本數,先抽出投開票所,再以等距抽樣法抽出受訪者。並為確保樣本數,預留九倍替代樣本。本計畫於1999年1月底至5月間執行調查工作,調查方 法採派出訪員進行面訪工作。最終樣本數為1,357案。

\"Political System Transition and Electoral Behavior: An Analysis of Voting Behavior in the 1998 Legislative Yuan Election\" is the title of a recent research project conducted through the Workshop on Political System Transition at the NTU Graduate Institute of Political Science. This project was financially sponsored by the National Science Council (series number NSC 88- 2414-H-002-002-022). The principal investigator of this project was Professor Te-yu Chen from the Department of Political Science at NTU. The associate investigators were Prof. Fu Hu, Yun-han Chu, also of the NTU Political Science Department. Dr. Huo-yan Shyu and Dr. Nai-de Wu, research fellows from Academia Sinica, Prof. Yung-tai Hung, Dr. Jih-wen Lin, an assistant research fellow Academia Sinica, Director of the Election Study Center at National Chengchi University, Prof. Ming-tong Chen from the NTU Graduate Institute of Three Principles of the People (San-Min-Chu-I) , associate Prof. Shung-lian Liang from the Deparment of Public Policy and Administration at National Chi-Nan University, and Prof. Ying-lung Yu , Shiow-duan Hwang, from the Department of Political Science at Soochow University also assisted on the project. The purpose of this project was to develop a better understanding of the relationship between the voting behavior of the electorate and specific characteristics of the political system. Towards this end, we conducted an empirical study of Taiwan\'s 1998 Legislative Yuan Election campaigns. Our study investigated several different research questions. At first, we analyzed the relationship between the socioeconomic background of voters. We also investigated the origins of \"party preference\", including the interviewer\'s accomplished images of particular party and the electorates\' intensity of party identity. In addition, we researched if there is the correlation between ethnic- national identity and voting behavior. This measurement is based on the voters\' preference of the two extremities of the political spectrum. The question regarding the ethnic identity is to ask the interviewers if they are \"Taiwanese\" or \"Chinese\", and the further question about the nation identity is whether the voters supported \"Taiwanese independence \"or \" Chinese renification\". Next, we not only observed the political culture and the electorates\' political attitude, but also the voters\' evaluation for the democracy frame was concerned. The phenomenon of the \"Lee Teng-hui Complex\" was another major topic considered in this study. We measured the effects of the \'Lee Teng-hui Complex\' using political-psychological models of voting behavior, and used our findings to analyze the relationship between crowd psychology and voting behavior. Then we emphasis on the mass media-use strategy, Political advertise performance and effect if they was ones of the main reasons corresponded to the voting behavior. Moreover, we retrospect the voting behavior during those years and ho did the electorates comment upon this campaign\'s process and result. The latter part of this survey is to observe the voter\'s standpoint about the significant issues, such as independence v.s reunification, diplomacy strategy, the right to self-determination, the commercial contacts between Mainland China and Taiwan, the constitution revision, and so on .The 7th segment of this research project is to gather the interviewers\' opinions of the voting affairs and electoral district; following the 8th segment: the observation for the interviewers\' social network. The last part of the survey is the population variable, includes the interviewers\' social position, vocation, and the degree of family incomes。

We also obtained measures of the political participation, political mobilization, and the personal characteristics of candidates in our study. Finally, we measured the positions of voters on some special issues such as the politics of money, the problem that none of the three parties can win half of the seats, the grand coalition cabinet, and the split of the KMT. Our research methodology utilized the multiple-stage sampling method, which included the principles of probabilities proportional to size (PPS), stratified sampling, and systematic sampling. We designed our questionnaire to include both structured and open-ended questions; The design of open- ended questions mainly focuses on the motivation of voters\' choices on candidates which is based on different political positions or ideals, and the assistance of people\'s relationship.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2003-02-12
D.17 預定釋出日期:0000-00-00
D.18 初次釋出日期:2003-03-12
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2003-03-12
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E88126-1
http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E88126
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