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E88094
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民眾對懲處的反應:檢驗一項社會心理學理論架構中的命題
Public Reactions of Legal Punishment: Examine Some of the Propositions in a Social Psychological Framework
1.謝靜琪
1.Ching-chi Hsieh
1.世新大學社會心理學系
1.Department of Social Psychology, Shih Hsiu University
001,002,003,004
1.世新大學社會心理學系
1.Department of Social Psychology, Shih Hsiu University
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):1998-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):1999-07-31
1998-08-011999-07-31
A.16 收到日期:1999-12-23
1
台北縣、台北市

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1000
004
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C.2 聯絡日期:1999-12-29
2
1.世新大學社會心理學系
1.Department of Social Psychology, Shih Hsiu University
1
C.7 資料公開日期:2001-08-01
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008
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001
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1.犯罪受害恐懼
2.死刑
3.懲處反應
1.Capital Punishment
2.Death Penalty
3.Fear of Crime
4.Punishment Reaction
近 年來,台灣民眾似乎傾向於支持「嚴刑峻罰」。一些民意調查報告指出,有顯著的多數民眾支持死刑並且極力要求加重量刑。刑罰問題已引起媒體與大眾相當高的關 注。司法體系與立法機關也朝向嚴刑來做調整。為什麼民眾喜好較嚴苛的刑罰呢?而又何不?什麼原因使得民眾支持死刑?這些問題可能不是那麼單純易答。 本研究試圖以Neil Vidmar與 Dale T. Miller所建立的一個理論架構為基礎來研究懲處反應的社會心理動力。許多法學上對懲處的研究一直將焦點置於分析懲處背後的基本原理上。而極少的研究致 力於將犯罪懲處視為一社會與心理的現象。較近期的研究已開始努力去了解犯罪嚇阻的社會心理動力。但是,嚇阻犯罪只是刑罰許多功能之一。本研究的主要目的如 下: 一、試圖檢驗懲處反應背後的動機與其所提供的功能。 二、國內以社會心理學理論架構為基礎的懲處反應方面之研究非常缺乏。本調查研究將以因素分析來檢驗兩種基本的懲處動機形態──行為控制與報應。這些動機的 目標物是犯罪者與較大的社會觀眾。 三、試圖查驗不同人口變項的人們是否對嚴刑峻罰或死刑有不同程度的懲處反應,而且是如何不同。比較不同性別、年齡、教育程度、收入以及職業的人們懲處反應 之差異。 以上這些研究的結果,將有政策上的關聯性(policyrelevance),尤其當前我們正設法降低犯罪率,但是又面對維護民眾與犯罪者雙方面的民權這 種兩難的問題。但是這個研究的主要目的在增進我們了解懲處態度之形成與影響懲處態度的因素,而非企圖對某些干預措施做宣傳。

In recent years, Taiwanese society has shown strong support for harsher punishment for criminals. Public opinion reports indicate significant majority support for capital punishment and they also record intense demands that the courts treat criminals more harshly. The issue of criminal punishment has received considerable media and public attention. The court system and national legislatures have moved in this direction as well. Why do people prefer harsher punishment and why not? What makes people believe in capital punishment? The answer may not be easy nor simple. The current study attempts to investigate the socialpsychological dynamics of punishment reactions to criminal offenders, based on a theoretical framework by Neil Vidmar and Dale T. Miller. Large quantity of legal studies on punishment has been focused on analyzing the rationale behind it. However, few have been devoted to considering criminal sanctions as a social and psychological phenomenon. More recent studies have made efforts to understand the socialpsychological dynamics of criminal deterrence which is only one of the many functions of legal punishment. The focal objectives of this study are: First, an attempt to examine the motives underlying and the functions served by punishment reactions. Second, there are very few, if any, studies on punishment reactio which based on socialpsychological framework in Taiwan. The present investigation will examine the two basic types of punishment motives -- behavior control and retribution, using factor analysis. The focus of these motives are the offender and a broader social audience. Third, an attempt to identify whether or not people from various categories have different degree of reactions toward harsher punishment or death penalty, and how is one\'s punishment reaction different from anothers\'. Comparison among gender, age, educational attainment, income, and occupation will be made. The findings of the present study will have considerable policy relevance as we try to reduce crime rate and tackle the dilemma between civil rights of law-abiding people and criminal offenders. But the focal objective here is to improve our understanding of how people\'s attitudes toward legal punishment are produced and what influences them, rather than advocating any intervention strategy.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2000-07-15
D.17 預定釋出日期:2001-08-01
D.18 初次釋出日期:2001-08-01
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2001-08-01
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E88094-1
http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E88094
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