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E88084
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作業別耕種約定、交易成本及台灣農場經營效率
Cultivation Arrangement by Practices, Transaction Cost and Farming Efficiency in Taiwan
1.黃美瑛
1.Mei-ying Huang
1.中興大學經濟系
1.Department of Economics, National Chung Hsing University
001,002,003,004
1.中興大學經濟系
1.Department of Economics, National Chung Hsing University
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):1998-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):1999-07-31
1998-01-011998-03-31
A.16 收到日期:1999-11-18
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台灣地區稻米農家(二期稻作農場)

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367


367
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01
C.2 聯絡日期:1999-11-19
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1.中興大學經濟系
1.Department of Economics, National Chung Hsing University
1
C.7 資料公開日期:2001-08-01
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008
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1.台灣
2.生產效率
3.交易成本
4.耕種制度
5.農場
6.邊界函數法
1.Cultivation System
2.Farm
3.Frontier Function Approach
4.Production Efficiency
5.Taiwan
6.Transaction Cost
耕 地所有權屬及耕種租佃契約型態對農場經營效率之影響,一直是研究開發中國家農場管理之重要課題。但不同於過去文獻,台灣地區目前農場經營絕少以租佃方式, 但卻普遍存在著耕種作業別約定(如:整地、插秧、收穫等不同耕種作業別之文字契約或口頭約定)。因此,有必要對這種作業別約定之存在與發展以及其時代及經 濟背景做較深入之研究。 本研究將從交易成本學說來探究,農場主選擇個別作業約定之原因及條件;同時,我們亦將利用邊界函數法(frontier function approach)衡量這種耕種作業別約定對農場經營效率之影響程度。為達成上述研究目的,本研究將有必要進行個體農場之實地調查以收集分析利用相關之耕 種約定及生產成本與利潤等資料。本研究之研究結果除有學術上貢獻外,對政府之農場管理政策擬定上亦有參考價值。

In this paper, we develop a switching regime regression model to analyze Taiwanese rice farmer’s decision on cultivation arrangement of field-plowing practice. We found that a farmer’s decision on the choice of self-plowed or hired-service can be regarded as a non-minimum cost behavior which depends upon both cost and non-cost concerns. Among those non-minimum concern variables, aging, education level, availability of machinery and the status of farming are found to be significant factors that determine farmers’ choice. The inefficiency of farmer’s field-plowing arrangement can be decomposed into two components: wrong selection and non-minimum cost concerns. Empirical results indicate that 12% of inefficiency is due to farmer’s wrong selection and 88% of inefficiency is due to the non-minimum cost concerns.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2000-05-30
D.17 預定釋出日期:2001-08-01
D.18 初次釋出日期:2001-08-01
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2001-08-01
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E88084-1
追蹤清單
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