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E88004
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台灣農業政策效果評估與改善策略:農業經營政策方向
Direction of Agricultural Management Policy
1.羅明哲
1.Ming-che Lo
1.國立中興大學農業經濟學系
1.Department of Agricultural Economics, National ChungHsing University
001,002,003,004
1.國立中興大學農業經濟學系
1.Department of Agricultural Economics, National ChungHsing University
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):1998-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):1999-07-31
1999-01-211999-01-29
A.16 收到日期:1999-09-18
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水稻農家、柑橘農家、毛豬農家

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C.2 聯絡日期:1999-10-19
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1.國立中興大學農業經濟學系
1.Department of Agricultural Economics, National ChungHsing University
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C.7 資料公開日期:1999-08-01
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1.台灣地區
2.農業政策
3.農業經營
1.Agricultural Management
2.Agricultural Policy
3.Taiwan Area
因 國內外經濟情勢的變遷,以及近年來我國積極爭取加入 WTO的緣故,使台灣農業經營情境更趨困難,為因應此一情勢,本研究旨在檢視現行的農業經營政策,期能克服農業經營困境,展開農業經營新境界。 在研究方法與步驟上,首先針對目前台灣農業經營之現況,探討與農業經營相關之農地、勞力結構、資金取得、農民生活、農村建設、環境保護及面對貿易自由化國 際化壓力等問題。繼而採實地調查訪談,並對目前政府在農業經營措施上的滿意度進行評估。 本研究所得結論:1.在農地利用方面,解除農地農有、堅持農地農用的措施深獲農民贊同;2.在農業勞動方面,農業勞動高齡化問題繼續存在,宜積極改 善;3.在農貸方面,宜加強生產資財及農家生活所需資金之取得,並對其作業程序加以改進;4.在農民生活與農村建設方面,追求農村與城市同質的生活水 準;5. 在環境保護與農業生產方面,鼓勵有機生產或使用環保設施;6. 在其他方面,提供農民各項農業資訊,研習日本農企業法人之經驗,以改善及強化我國農業經營體。 本研究提出建議:1.在基本政策理念上,宜有效利用國土資源、確立農業為引以為傲之產業、建設農村地區、開創有持續力的農業經營新境界;2.在政策目標 上,建立有競爭力、高效率、精緻化之農業經營,重視新就農及後繼者之培育;3.在農政方向上,培育農業經營體、推行法人組織、發展環保農業。

Due to the changes of domestic and international economic situation and the application for joining WTO, agricultural operation in Taiwan becomes more difficult than ever. This research investigates current agricultural management policy in terms of possible solutions for problem solving and new opportunity development. Research method and process include the discussions of current agricultural operation management in Taiwan and the existing problems on resources related to agricultural operation. The resources such as farm land, labor structure, capital inducement, farmer\'s life, rural infrastructure and environment protection are incorporated in the analysis of problems and pressures faced by future trade liberalization. The sample survey was also conducted to assess the satisfactory level of government policy on agricultural management. The conclusions may be listed as followings: (1) For farmland application, the release of farm land owned by farmers and the insistent of farm land for farming purpose only gains full supports from farmers; (2) For farm labors, the aging problem needs effective improvement; (3) For agricultural loans, the assistance on the capital loans and production equipment may be enhanced and the application process needs to be improved; (4) For farmer\'s life and rural infrastructure, the efforts to pursue same living standards between rural and city area are necessary; (5) For environment protection and agricultural production, the organic production and the use of equipment with environmentally protected concepts need encouragement; (6) For other aspects, government needs to provide all kinds of agricultural information and experience of agribusiness organization in Japan for the improvement of agricultural operation management in Taiwan. This research provide the following suggestions: (1) On the basic policy, the effective use of national land resources, the recognition of agriculture as a proud industry, the construction of rural areas, and the development of sustainable agricultural operation and management are necessary; (2) On the policy aims, the establishment of competitive, efficient, quality agricultural operation and the emphasis of cultivating current farmers and inherited young farmers are of great importance; (3) On the agricultural policy measures, the organization of operational body, the implementation of organized group, and the development of agriculture with the concept of environmental protection are helpful.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2000-03-27
D.17 預定釋出日期:2000-03-09
D.18 初次釋出日期:2000-04-07
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2000-04-07
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E88004-1
https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E88004
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