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E87100
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社區居民心理健康之影響因素的社會生態探討:前驅研究
A Pilot Study on the Influence of Community on Individuals Mental Health: A Social Ecological Perspective
1.楊明仁
1.Ming-jen Yang
1.高雄醫學院醫學社會學系
1.School of Medical Sociology, Kaohsiung Medical University
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1.高雄醫學院醫學社會學系
1.School of Medical Sociology, Kaohsiung Medical University
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1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):1997-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):1998-07-31
A.16 收到日期:1998-11-02
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戶籍設於高雄市三民區、高雄縣阿蓮鄉、仁武鄉、三民鄉且居住於 此的居民

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416


416
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C.2 聯絡日期:1999-01-12
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1.高雄醫學院醫學社會學系
1.School of Medical Sociology, Kaohsiung Medical University
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C.7 資料公開日期:2000-08-01
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1.心理健康
2.社區生活經驗
3.社會支持
4.社會結構
1.Mental Health
2.Neighborhood Experience
3.Social Structure
4.Social Support
本研究將試圖探討個人之社區生活經驗,包括社區社會結構以及鄰里經驗,與心理健康狀態之關係。於民國87年,以立意取樣的方式,選取高雄市三民區、高雄縣仁 武鄉、阿蓮鄉、三民鄉等社區之居民,共416名作為研究對象,進行訪問調查研究。訪談問卷內容包括:研究對象背景資料、社區之鄰里生活經驗及中國人健康量 表等。社會結構變項之建構,則以官方資料集結建構而成,包括有社區人口密度、社區社會經濟狀況、社區穩定度等。研究結果顯示,影響心理健康狀況最重要之因 素有,個人每個月家庭平均收入、居住社區低收入戶比率與感受社區社會支持程度;收入越低、社區社會支持程度愈差,居住社區低收入戶比率越高者,則心理健康 狀態愈不佳。文中將針對研究方法及結果進行討論,並提出若干建議。

The purpose of this study was to evaluate individual\'s mental health in the context of social environment. Specifically, variables across different levels which include one\'s attributes, neighborhood experience, and community characteristics would be examined to explore their relationship with one\'s mental health. Communities in southern Taiwan, including one district from Kaohsiung City and four townships (Hsiang) from Kaohsiung County, were purposively selected to represent three different types (urban, suburban and rural) of communities after which, by random sampling, 416 subjects were recruited for the interview survey. Questionnaire containing the measure for mental health (CHQ) and perceived neighboring experience was administered for data collection. At the same time, data derived from the governmental archives were aggregated to indicate the characteristics of a community which included population density, community socioeconomic condition, and community stability. The multilevel analysis showed that personal income, community socioeconomic condition, and perceived social support from neighborhood were statistically significant when associated with one\'s mental health status. It seems influence of an individual\'s mental health status was affected not only by one\'s attributes, but also by the neighborhood within which people experience daily life. The details and meaning of these findings will be discussed.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:1999-06-28
D.17 預定釋出日期:0000-00-00
D.18 初次釋出日期:2000-08-01
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2000-08-01
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E87100-1
https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E87100
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