1
3
E87091
3
003
台灣外籍勞工政策之探討
A Study on Taiwan\'s Alien Worker Policy
1.單驥
1.Gee San
1.國立中央大學產業經濟研究所
1.Graduate Institute of Industrial Economics, National Central University
001,002,003,004
1.國立中央大學產業經濟研究所
1.Graduate Institute of Industrial Economics, National Central University
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):1997-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):1998-07-31
1997-12-011998-03-31
A.16 收到日期:2000-01-14
1
根據有僱用外勞的廠商名冊

1

158


158
003
01
C.2 聯絡日期:2000-01-27
2
1.國立中央大學產業經濟研究所
1.Graduate Institute of Industrial Economics, National Central University
1
C.7 資料公開日期:2000-08-01
2
005
2
1
1
2
2
3
3
002
1,2
1.外籍勞工
2.產業升級
3.勞工政策
4.替代效果
1.Foreign worker
2.Industrial Upgrading
3.Labor Policy
4.Substitution Effect
我 政府自民國78年正式核准外勞來台工作後,外勞在台工作的人數便快速增加,在民國81年至86年間,外勞來台工作的人數增加達6倍之多,目前在台灣核准外 勞來台工作的人數已超過30萬人。在此龐大的工作人口中,本研究首先在制度面上去整理及探討外勞開放的政策演變過程,本研究發現,外勞在我就業服務法通過 後即開始大量引進,而於民國85年後開始採收縮政策後迄今尚未再作調整。另本研究亦以問卷調查的方式探討僱用外勞廠商之意見,調查結果顯示,受查廠商認 為,台灣目前可容納的合理外勞人數約為30萬人上下,此數字約與目前實際核准的數字相當;此外,調查亦顯示,外勞在台的僱用成本約為本國同類勞工的百分之 67。本研究亦以計量分析的方法探討外勞與資本、外勞與本國體力工及外勞與本國技術工之間的關係,實證結果顯示,外勞與本國非技術勞工間呈互補關係,而其 與技術工及資本間均呈替代關係,此一關係顯示,大量之外勞僱用,將不利於國內資本及技術勞工之使用,故將不利於國內產業之升級。為此,本研究建議,我們應 先凍結外勞核准使用之總量,再逐步降低外勞之使用量(亦可另考慮配合提高外勞就業安定費),以免外勞之僱用對國內弱勢勞工之就業機會產生不利之影響,同時 亦可藉此促進國內產業技術之升級。

Beginning from 1989, the R.O.C. government formally allows alien workers to work legally in Taiwan. As such, the total number of the approved alien workers soared as much as 6 times as it compared to 1992 level. Currently, there are more than 300 thousand alien workers approved to work legally in Taiwan. This study wills focus itself on this growing important issue. In this study we took a closer look on the evolution of the R.O.C. government\'s alien worker policy and found that the government took a rather loose policy toward alien workers after the promulgation of the Employment Service Act in 1992. However, after 1996 a much tighter policy toward alien workers has been taken. This study also utilizes questionnaire survey to collect firm\'s opinion on alien worker policy. In our survey, we concentrated on those firms that hire alien workers. From the survey it is found that the majority of the surveyed firms suggested that the most appropriate number of alien workers for Taiwan is around 300 thousand persons, which is quiet close to what the actual approved number is. In addition, this survey also found alien workers in Taiwan are an average, accounted for roughly 67 percent of the unskilled domestic worker\'s labor cost average. This study then utilize SURE regression model to study the production relationship among alien workers, capital, domestic skilled workers and unskilled domestic workers. Our empirical results show that alien workers and domestic unskilled workers are complementary to each other while alien workers and capital as well as alien workers and skilled domestic workers are substitutional to each other. Consequently, with the massive employment of the alien workers in Taiwan it will cut down the usage of both capital and skilled workers and it will adversely affect the drive for industrial upgrading in Taiwan. Finally, it is suggested in this study that the total amount of alien workers in Taiwan should be, firstly, capped at 300 thousand workers and them cut it down gradually. The government can also consider raising the tax, which is levied to those employers who hire alien workers. Finally, it is suggested in this study that through these policies not only domestic marginal workers can be better protected but the drive for industrial upgrading can also be achieved more effectively.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2000-07-14
D.17 預定釋出日期:2001-02-14
D.18 初次釋出日期:2000-08-18
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2000-08-18
1
1
1
2
1,3
10.6141/TW-SRDA-E87091-1
追蹤清單
下載(0)
申請(0)
遠距(0)