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E87073
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手足與朋友關係的內涵與功能
The Content and Functions of Sibling and Friend Relationship
1.李美枝
1.Mei-chih Li
1.國立政治大學心理系
1.Department of Psychology, National Chenchi University
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1.國立政治大學心理系
1.Department of Psychology, National Chenchi University
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1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):1997-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):1998-07-31
A.16 收到日期:1998-12-08
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大學生:政大修習「普通心理學」、「社會心理學」之學生
社會人士:屏東監獄管理員、苗栗縣政府員工、保險業員工

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人際關係適合度問卷:159 角色規範問卷:257 角色實質關係問卷:262


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C.2 聯絡日期:1999-02-03
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1.國立政治大學心理系
1.Department of Psychology, National Chenchi University
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C.7 資料公開日期:2000-08-01
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1.手足關係
2.孝
3.朋友關係
4.社會生物學
5.情感性關係
6.混合性關係
7.親職資源投資
8.親屬偏袒
1.Friend Relationship
2.Interpersonal Relationship
3.Sibling Relationship
親職資源的分配問題與親屬選擇的基因傳承論,頒定了手足間又合作又衝突的原始藍圖。朋友間同夥共伴關係則以互饋成友為基礎。透過量表測量與訪談觀察資料的分 析,一方面展現了與靈長類共有的前述關係特性,另方面則顯露中國文化加諸於手足與朋友關係的倫理教化長惠幼順,兄友弟恭的身份角色仍為本研究的大學生與社 會人士受試所肯定。分擔孝養父母的倫理責任會因手足旅居海外,及男女子嗣繼承家產的不平等而使手足關係有超越單純資源分配與親屬偏袒的複雜性。然而血緣之 親使得手足衝突有撕而不破、分而不離的自然連鍵。受試者以「愛、情份」標示手足關係而以「交情、義氣、欣賞」標示朋友關係,也反映了家人情感性關係與外人 混和性關係的不同。親子、手足與朋友關係雖有內涵與功能的不同,卻共有緣份遇合的偶然性。

The prototype of sibling and friend relationship was first inferred from the video record of the daily life of a \"chimpanzee tribe\". The distribution problem of parental investment and kin-selection for gene transmission lay out the original blue print of cooperation and conflict between siblings. The companion relationship betweenfriends was based on the general process of interpersonal attraction. The result of this study based on the analysis of quantitative and qualitative data from human subjects revealed the shared properties of sibling and friend relationship as the species of chimpanzee on one hand, and the cultivation of Chinese culture on the other hand. Both college students and adults in society confirmed the Confucius norm in which the elder siblings be kind and altrusic to the younger siblings while the later ones be respect and submissive to the former one. The culture norm of shared filial duty to the parents between sibling rivalry for parental investment in Chinese society. However, the common lineage between siblings functions as a natural healing hond to retrive back the source conflict or separated siblings that is almost impossible for friends. The subjects labeled the sibling relationship with \"love and affection\" while using the terms of \"exchanged benefit, exchanged affection and appreciation\" for friends. Though the content, and functions of parent-child, sibling and friend relationship are different, they shared a common element: the predetermined chance of being together, termed as \"young\" in Chinese language.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:1999-11-23
D.17 預定釋出日期:0000-00-00
D.18 初次釋出日期:2000-08-01
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2000-08-01
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E87073-1
https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E87073
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