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E87054
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評估「社區總體營造」在現階段社區工作推展之成效:以高雄市社區發展協會為例
Evaluating the Effects of Grass-Roots Organizing on the Community Development in Kaohsiung City
1.潘淑滿
1.Shu-man Pan
1.高雄醫學院醫學社會學系
1.Department of Medical Sociology , Kaohsiung Medical College
001,002,003,004
1.高雄醫學院醫學社會學系
1.Department of Medical Sociology , Kaohsiung Medical College
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):1997-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):1998-07-31
1998-02-011998-03-31
A.16 收到日期:1999-10-30
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高雄市安發、長城社區之社區居民

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C.2 聯絡日期:1999-11-03
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1.高雄醫學院醫學社會學系
1.Department of Medical Sociology , Kaohsiung Medical College
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C.7 資料公開日期:1998-08-01
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1.多元測定
2.社區行動策略
3.社區總體營造
4.草根民主
5.都市社區
1.Participatory Democracy
2.Total Community Construction
3.Triangulation
4.Urban Community
台灣都市在短短不到二十年光景,歷經七十年代的經濟起飛、八十年代的經濟繁榮與 政治解嚴、到九十年代的經濟轉型與政治多 元化的社會變遷,不僅改變了都市生態環境 與居民的生活型態,同時也影響了人與人之 間的關係。本研究為一實驗性質之社區研究 ,研究者透過實地參與高雄市長城社區與安 發社區過程,以現有之社區發展協會為媒介 ,結合社區人文生態調查法、觀察法、訪談 法、及社區行動等多元測定方法,協助社區 居民發展居民自治的社區總體營造概念,並 運用過程評估法,深入評估都市社區落實草 根民主的可能性與成效。研究結果發現在都 市社區中推行社區總體營造之成效,主要受 到兩個因素影響:(一)社區行動策略:由於 研究者是採用『專家→社區組織→社區居民 』的模式,以社區發展協會為媒介,因此社 區組織特質其其他因素往往成為阻礙社區營 造工作推展的成效。(二)社區內、外部因素 :社區營造工作成效亦受社區內、外部因素 影響,內部因素包括:社區本身都市化程度 、社區所擁有資源的完整性、豐富性、與社 區經營的理念; 而影響社區營造成效的外部 因素包括:公、私部門互動關係及社區所面 臨之政治、經濟生態環境。

Over the past two decades, Taiwan has been undergoing transformation from an agrarian society to an industrialized free-market country. This rapid change in political-economy systems has brought a tremendous impact on the living styles, neighborhood relations, and ecology of urban communities. In this study, the researcher applies a triangulation approach integrating survey, interview, participant observation, and social action to facilitate the ideal of total community construction in the neighborhood communities in Kaohsiung. The results show that the effects of total community construction in this city are influenced by two factors, and suggest that the community action strategy used in this study reflects a non-positive effects. In additional, the effects of total community construction in this city are also influenced by the internal and external resources of the community such as the degree of urbanization, social-economic resource, ideal of grass- roots organizing, relation of the private-public sectors, and public policy. Although the effects of total community construction in Kaohsiung city are not remarkable, it is not impossible. As a result of this study, the implementation of the ideal of participatory democracy in grass-roots organizing can be improved by four strategies, including: to modify the action approach used in this study, to develop an issue-oriented community work, to revise public policies related to community development, and to encourage more and more experts involving in such researches.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2000-01-12
D.17 預定釋出日期:2000-02-10
D.18 初次釋出日期:2000-02-18
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2000-02-18
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E87054-1
https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E87054
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