1
3
E87037
3
003
安全城市:以環境設計觀點探討都市犯罪防範
Safe City-Crime Prevention By Environmental Design
1.李素馨
1.Su-Hsin Lee
1.逢甲大學都市計畫與空間資訊學系
1.Department of Urban Planning and Spatial Information,Feng Chia University
001,002,003,004
1.逢甲大學都市計畫與空間資訊學系
1.Department of Urban Planning and Spatial Information,Feng Chia University
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):1997-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):1998-07-31
A.16 收到日期:1999-07-06
2
台中市實質環境特性相異的三個社區「楓樹社區」「黎明社區」「衛道社區」

1

楓樹社區:301 衛道社區:80


301
001
01
C.2 聯絡日期:1999-07-21
2
1.逢甲大學都市計畫與空間資訊學系
1.Department of Urban Planning and Spatial Information,Feng Chia University
1
C.7 資料公開日期:1999-07-17
2
008
2
1
1
2
2
1
3
001
1,2
1.犯罪防治
2.危險空間
3.安全性
4.都市犯罪
5.環境設計
1.Crime prevention
2.Environmental design
3.Risk space
4.Safety
5.Urban crime
透 過環境設計的觀點來預防犯罪,其目的在預防並減少犯罪行為的發生,在心理層面則是減少居民被害恐懼感的程度。因此本研究主要是探討都市住宅社區居民對於社 區環境特性的認知與被害恐懼感之間的關聯性。研究目的有三: 一、探討都市住宅社區中危險空間的特性; 二、社區居民對於社區中實質環境特性上的認知; 三、實質環境特性與被害恐懼感之間的關聯性。 本研究選取三種社區形式來作為實證調查基地,分為封閉型社區 (衛道社區 )、半開放式社區 (黎明社區 )、開放式社區 (楓樹社區 );並依據文獻回顧建構的研究架構與變項,被害恐懼感、社區居民特質、環境特性認知與社區意識等變項,並採取結構式問卷來進行資料收集,共取得 661份有效問卷。研究分析採取描述性統計、T-test、 ANOVA、積差相關分析進行資料檢測。研究結果如下: 一、封閉式社區的居民其恐懼感程度最低,半開放式社區次之、開放式社區最高;三種形式社區,其影響居民被害恐懼的認知亦不相同。 二、三個社區受訪者居民對於社區環境之可及性、可視性、易識別性、混合性、領域性、不文明符號等特性的認知均會影響到被害恐懼感的程度。其中以社區環境的 易識別性和不文明符號與被害恐懼感的關聯性程度最高。 三、社區居民部分個人特質以年齡、教育程度、職業、婚姻狀況、職業、婚姻狀況、居住情況、受害經驗會影響到被害恐懼的程度。社區居民對於社會及社區安全的 心理認知部分也會影響到被害恐懼感的程度。 四、社區居民的社區意識程度亦會影響被害恐懼感的程度,並呈現負相關,顯示社區居民社區意識越高,其被害恐懼感程度越低。 五、三個住宅社區中的危險空間大多分布於社區邊緣與外界交接之處。

The goal of \"crime prevention through environment design\" is to prevent and reduce criminal behavior. From the psychological perspective, the function of that is to reduce the residents\' fear of crime. This study major discusses the relationships between the cognition of environmental features of the residents living in urban community. and the residents\' sense of fear of crime. The purposes of this study to discuss:

1.The characteristics of hot spots in urban residential community.

2.The cogni- tion of the features of physical environment in community.

3.The relation- ship of the features of physical environment and the residents\' fear of crime. This study selected three types of communities, they are: enclosed-type (Wei-tao community) , sub-opened type(Li-ming community) and opened type (Feng-shu community). According to the literature review, the research model and variables were built. They are a sense of fear of crime, personal characteristics, the cognition of the features of physical environment, and the sense of community. The survey data was collected by using structured questionnaire. The effective total are 661. The data was analyzed by using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, and correlation to examine the research hypothesis. The conclusions were as follow: 1.The sense of fear of crime of enclosed-type community is less than that of sub-opened type and opened type. 2.The cognition which effects the sense of fear of crime in the three types of communities had significant difference. The cognition of the features of physical environment such as access, visual, identifiability, mixture land-use, territoriality, incivilities effects the sense of crime, especially the features of identity and incivilities are the most relative to the sense of fear of crime. 3.Residents\' personal characteristics such as age, education, occupation, marriage, living condition, and experiences of being attacked can effect the sense of fear of crime. The psychological safety and cognition of society and community can also effect the sense of crime. 4.The higher the sense of community, the less fear of crime. 5.The hot spots are distributed around the edge of residential community and on the border of the communities.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:1999-10-29
D.17 預定釋出日期:1999-11-29
D.18 初次釋出日期:1999-11-29
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:1999-11-29
1
1
1
2
1,3
10.6141/TW-SRDA-E87037-1
https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E87037
追蹤清單
下載(0)
申請(0)
遠距(0)