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E87022
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台灣地區少女犯罪行為之實證研究
An Empirical Study on Adolescent Female Delinquency in Taiwan Area
1.蔡德輝
1.Te-hui Tsai
1.國立中正大學犯罪防治研究所
1.Department of Criminology, National Chung Cheng University
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1.國立中正大學犯罪防治研究所
1.Department of Criminology, National Chung Cheng University
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1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):1997-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):1998-07-31
1998-02-011998-03-01
A.16 收到日期:1998-11-02
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台灣地區觸犯刑罰法令之女性少年犯,以民國八十五年為準,女性少年犯總數為3082人

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C.2 聯絡日期:1999-01-11
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1.國立中正大學犯罪防治研究所
1.Department of Criminology, National Chung Cheng University
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C.7 資料公開日期:1998-08-01
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1.女性犯罪
2.犯罪行為
3.社會學習理論
4.青少年犯罪
5.青少年違法
1.Adolescent Crime
2.Adolescent Delinquency
3.Criminal Behavior
4.Female Crime
5.Social Learning Theory
法 務部(民八十七)之統計資料顯示,女性犯罪少年人數急速增加(含兒童),人數由民國七十七年的631名,增加為八十六年的2,946名,十年間增幅達 3.67倍。為深入探討其成因,俾以研擬有效而適切之防治措施,本研究援引犯罪學界新近發展之青少年犯罪「整合理論」研究策略,嘗試整合一般性犯罪理論與 社會學習理論觀點,詮釋當前變遷社會中之少女犯罪行為。本少女犯罪行為整合理論模式認為,一般性犯罪理論之核心概念-少女低度自我控制(low self-control)之衍生,在犯罪機會之提供下,極可能因此導致犯罪行為之發生,少女亦可能經由偏差行為同儕團體之接觸,而使犯罪行為更趨於惡 化。 本研究是以台灣地區目前在彰化少年輔育院及新竹少年監獄接受感化教育及徒刑執行之全部女性少年犯為抽樣對象,總共施測樣本為193名,並以自行設計之自陳 報告問卷對其進行施測。本研究之主要特色為從犯罪整合理論之觀點組 合一般性犯罪理論及社會學習理論對少女犯罪行為進行檢視。此外,本研究更進一步檢視這些重要外因變項對少女偏差與犯罪行為之直接與間接因果效應。統計技術 包括:百分比、相關分析、因素分析、複迴歸分析及因徑分析等。 本研究結果發現:一般性犯罪理論的解釋力R平方值為.154(15.4%),而社會學習理論的解釋力R平方值為.288(28.8%),明顯的社會學習理 論的解釋力較一般性犯罪理論為高。若將二理論之變項全部進行複迴歸分析,則以同儕的差別接觸對於少女偏差與犯罪行為具有正面的效果。在整體的解釋力方 面,R平方值達.392(39.2%)。再就變項各別的解釋力而言,在進入逐步迴歸分析之後以與同儕的差別接觸解釋力最強,其R平分方值 為.203(20.3%),其次則是冒險性,其R平方值增加了.091(9.1%)。綜上所述,可以得知社會學習理論比一般性犯罪理論對少女犯罪行為有更 強的解釋力,個別變項中又以與同儕的接觸提供了大部份的解釋量(20.3%)。 綜合言之,本研究發現女性少年犯罪之發生,具有其複雜之個人、家庭、學校與社會等因素,因此,其防治措施必須是全方位的,具體措施包括:加強蹺家少女、中 輟學生之追蹤、輔導、培養自我控制能力、強化法治觀念、加強職業訓練及輔導、推廣終身學習觀念及提倡正當休閒活動等。

According to the statistical data from Ministry of Justice, female delinquency has become more serious than before. The number of female juvenile offender was 631 in 1988, and has sharply increased to 2,946 in 1997. It has increased to 3.67 times in last decade. In response, this study attempts to explore female delinquency through \"theoretical integration\" approach, and tries to integrate a general theory of crime and social learning theory for explaining the female delinquency. The theoretical integration model of this study indicates that female delinquency with low self-control will possibly commit crimes if available opportunity is offered. On the other hand, female juveniles will be more delinquent because of their differential association with delinquent peer group. Using self-reported data collected from a sample of 193 female juvenile offenders from two institutes (including one training school and one juvenile prison) in Taiwan, this study assesses the empirical adequacy and conceptual utility of the theoretical integration model with the perspectives of a general of crime and social learning theory. The statistical techniques used in this study include: percentage, correlation analysis, factor analysis, multiple regression analysis and path analysis. The findings showed that the total amount of variance accounted for by a general theory of crime is 15.4% (R square=.154), and the amount by social learning theory is 28.8% (R square=.288). Obviously, the explanatory power of social learning theory is stronger than a general theory of crime. In addition, the total amount of variance accounted for by all of the variables of integrated model is 39.2% (R square=.392). The most explanatory power variable to be found is differential peer association, whose explanatory power is 20.3%. The second explanatory power variable to be found is risk, whose explanatory power is 9.1%. In sum, the present study finds that there are complex individual, family, school, and societal factors contributing juvenile female delinquency. Therefore, preventive strategy should be multi-dimensional, and efforts at least include as follows: improving the follow-up of drop-outs and their guidance, enhancing self-control ability, reinforcing the knowledge of law, strengthening vocational training and guidance, broadening-long life learning, and advocating healthy recreation leisure activity for female juveniles.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:1999-07-29
D.17 預定釋出日期:1999-09-16
D.18 初次釋出日期:1999-09-24
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:1999-09-24
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E87022-1
https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E87022
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