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E87012
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空氣品質改善之經濟效益評估:高屏地區實例研究
Valuing the Economic Benefits of Air Quality Improvement: A Case Study of the Kaohsiung and Pintung Areas
1.林俊昇
2.黃文琪
1.Jeun-shen Lin
2.Wen-chi Huang
001,002,003,004
1.屏東商專企業管理科
1.National Pingtung Junior Technological College of Commerce
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):1997-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):1998-07-31
A.16 收到日期:0000-00-00
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762
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C.2 聯絡日期:1999-02-03
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1.屏東商專企業管理科
1.National Pingtung Junior Technological College of Commerce
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C.7 資料公開日期:1998-08-01
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008
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002
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1.空氣汙染
2.空氣品質管理
3.屏東地區
4.高雄地區
5.條件估價法
6.經濟效益
7.願付金額
1.Air Pollution
2.Air Quality Management
3.Contingent Valuation Method
4.Economic Benefit
5.Kaohsiung Area
6.Pingtun Area
7.Willingness to Pay
高 屏地區工業區林立,空氣污染一直是環境污染問題的主要來源之一,然在高屏地區與空氣品質改善之效益評估的相關研究則付諸闕如。因此本研究目的即在透過調查 方式,衡量高屏地區空氣品質改善的經濟效益,提供政府在衡量此地區污染防治成本效益時,能夠作為施政的參考指標。 環境因素具有公共財特性而無市場價格,本研究擬利用條件評估法(Contingent Valuation Method,CVM),以問卷方式來直接評估消費者對空氣品質改善或避免空氣品質繼續惡化,所願意支付的最大金額(Willingness to Pay,WTP),最後得到消費者心目中對空氣品質的評價,同時三縣市居民對空氣品質認知態度亦作一比較。

Due to the rapid economic development and population growth, the degradation of air quality has becoming a big problem in Taiwan. Air pollution not only severely affects human health, but also has devastating effect on the natural environment and ecosystem. Therefore, the issue of improving air quality has become a major concern for both of the general public and the government. High concentration of industrial parks around the Kaohsiung and Pingtung areas has resulted in severe environmental pollution. Among which air pollution is the major contributor of environmental pollution. However, researches on benefit evaluation of the air quality improvement in Kaohsiung and Pingtung areas are insufficient. The purpose of this study is to use survey method to evaluate the economic efficiency of air quality improvement and to provide indicators of the economic benefit of pollution control to the government. Like many environmental factors, air quality is a public good that does not have market for transaction and market price. This study measures the economic benefits from improvement of air quality at one of the most heavily polluted area in Taiwan. The Contingent Valuation Method (CVM) was used in the questionnaire to ask residents of the Kaohsiung and Pingtung areas for their willingness to pay for the improvement of air quality. The behaviors of the residents at the three different areas are compared.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:1999-06-28
D.17 預定釋出日期:1999-07-27
D.18 初次釋出日期:1999-07-27
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:1999-07-27
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E87012-1
追蹤清單
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