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E10249
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台灣社會中的犯罪控制:比較社區中的社會連結與集體效能之效應
Exploring the Mechanisms of Social Control in A Relational Society: A Comparison of The Explanatory Effects of Social Ties and Collective Efficacy in Taiwan
1.朱群芳
1.Doris Chu
1.國立中正大學犯罪研究中心
1.Crime Research Center, National Chung Cheng University
001,002,003,004
1.國立中正大學犯罪研究中心
1.Crime Research Center, National Chung Cheng University
002
1.科技部
1.Ministry of Science and Technology
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2013-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2015-07-31
2014-07-012015-07-31
A.16 收到日期:2015-11-02
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台北市、台中市和高雄市各區20歲以上人口

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郵寄:1139;面訪:150

1139
001,003
01
C.2 聯絡日期:2015-11-05
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1.國立中正大學犯罪研究中心
1.Crime Research Center, National Chung Cheng University
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C.7 資料公開日期:2017-08-01
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1.社會連結
2.集中弱勢
3.犯罪被害恐懼
4.知覺社區失序
1.Collective Efficacy and Crime
2.Social Ties and Crime
3.Concentrated Disadvantages
4.Fear of Crime
5.Perceived Neighborhood Disorders
本研究以台灣的台北市、台中市,以及高雄市地區為主,檢驗是否不同研究地區、東西文化差異會影響研究結論。使用多元迴歸分析,檢驗集體效能與社會連結對於個人被害恐懼感,以及知覺到的環境失序的影響。結果顯示,集體效能對於個人的犯罪被害恐懼皆沒有影響,但研究結果也發現,集體效能中的社會凝聚力與信任能夠顯著負向預測個人知覺到的環境失序、集體效能中的對社會控制有共同期待則是顯著正向預測個人知覺到的環境失序。另一方面,社會連結則是對個人犯罪被害恐懼,以及知覺到的環境失序完全沒影響。完成郵寄有效問卷為1,119份、面訪有效問卷為150份。

In the past three decades, scholars have begun to assess how social control mechanism mediates the effects of concentrated disadvantages on crime rates. Some scholars have found that functional relationships (so-called collective efficacy) matter more than relational ties in preventing crime (Sampson et al., 1997). To date, studies that examine the effects of collective efficacy on residents’ perceptions of disorder and likelihood of victimization have mostly been undertaken in western countries. But a study examining the impacts of collective efficacy and social ties in a non-Western society can help us understand how they affect local problems and individuals’ perceptions across different cultural settings. To fill the gap in literature, the current study examines the effects of social ties and collective efficacy on residents’ fear of crime and perceived neighborhood disorders, using data collected from three cities (Taipei, Taichung, and Kaoshiung) in Taiwan. It was found that social cohesion and trust was negatively and significantly correlated with residents’ perceived neighborhood disorders. On the other hand, shared expectations for social control were positively and significantly related to perceived neighborhood disorders. It was also found that social ties were not related to residents’ fear of crime or perceived neighborhood disorders.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2016-01-18
D.17 預定釋出日期:2017-08-01
D.18 初次釋出日期:2017-08-01
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2017-08-01
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E10249-1
http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E10249
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