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E10060
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以遊客生態學習角度探討福山植物園之遊憩承載量
Exploring Recreational Carrying Capacity of Fu-Shan Botanic Garden from Visitors\' Ecological Learning Aspects
1.張莉欣
1.Li-shin Chang
1.逢甲大學建築學系
1.Department of Architecture, Feng Chia University
001,002,003,004
1.逢甲大學建築學系
1.Department of Architecture, Feng Chia University
002
1.科技部
1.Ministry of Science and Technology
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2011-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2013-07-31
2011-05-012011-07-202013-04-012013-06-30
A.16 收到日期:2017-01-23
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網路使用族群
福山植物園遊客

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網路使用族群:197 福山植物園遊客:619


619
007
01
C.2 聯絡日期:2017-01-23
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1.逢甲大學建築學系
1.Department of Architecture, Feng Chia University
1
C.7 資料公開日期:2017-01-24
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008
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1.山羌
2.遊憩衝擊
3.警戒行為
4.逃離距離
5.社會承載量
6.擁擠知覺
7.生態衝擊
1.Formosan Munjac
2.Recreational Impact
3.Footpath
4.Alert Behavior
5.Escape Distance
6.Social Carrying Capacity
7.Perception of Crowdedness
8.Ecological Impact
本研究研究目的為透過研究重新計算遊客之入園總量管制人數,以使來園 區參觀之遊客都能有深度體驗與學習,研究方法是以問卷法探討各分區之遊客擁擠知覺(即為心理承載量),最後再加入設施承載量之研究結果,並依此重新估算園區之遊憩承載量,並以為制定總量管制人數之依據。在遊客遊憩活動生態干擾方面,經由專家訪談與田野調查後,選以山羌為干擾指標物種並進行遊客互動行為分類與互動情形觀察,再以現地實驗法配合觀察法探討遊客量、遊客行為類型與步道鋪面類型對山羌遇見行為與警戒、逃離距離的影響,試驗設計分為遊客量、遊客行為及兩種步道型式進行試驗設計。社會心理承載量方面,本研究以遊客之園區擁擠知覺做為計算社會心理承載量的依據,採照片法與現地法兩種方式,配合結構性問卷進行資料蒐集,再依此計算出園區的社會心理承載量。依研究結果計算遊客在各種步道周邊環境的最適擁擠知覺的對應遊客數,計算出最適全區承載量為581人。抽樣母體為網路使用族群、福山植物園遊客,網路問卷有效樣本為197份,現地問卷有效樣本則為619份。

Fu-shan Botanic Garden adopts in-situ and ex-situ conservation to conserve plant resources and works as a long-term ecological monitoring center. From 1993 the Botanic Garden set visitors cap number control and regulations to reduce impacts from tourism. However, there is no research to reveal the optimal number of visitors yet. The aim of this research is to measure ecological and social-psychological carrying capacity of the botanic garden, and assessing recreational impact. Through interviewing with experts and undertaking field survey, Formosan Muntjac was chosen as an indicator species to study interaction between tourist and wild animals. On-site experiments in conjunction with observation are employed to investigate the effects of tourist number, tourist behavior and types of paving on the behavior of Formosan Munjac, responses include alert, escape distance are recorded. The results indicated that the distance trigger alert responses occur at average 36.1 m and 48 m away when tourist group number is 5 and 20 persons, respectively. It is recommended that tourist should not exceed 5 persons and need voice down. Besides, the alert distance and escape distance are 15 m shorter if tourists walk on soil foot path compared with gravel path. On social-psychological carrying capacity, perception of crowdedness is measured by structuralized questionnaires on site or using simulated pictures. The garden environment is classified according to surrounding plant density, water body, and width of footpath. Tourists of 4 different densities are put in pictures of different sites to simulate various degree of crowdedness. A total of 47 pictures as stimulating media are put on internet in 2011 to collect responses from viewers. The optimal tourist number is 581 persons on the premise of perception of slightly crowdedness. For on site evaluation, 6 representative sites with high tourist density are chosen to evaluate instant perception of crowdedness. The types of behavior and companions of the tourists in group or individuals, and number of other surrounding tourists are also recorded. Using the method, the optimal number of tourists are 556 persons. It is suggested that present cap number can be maintained or otherwise increased by 10 % to 550 and 650 persons on weekdays and holidays, respectively.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2017-09-20
D.17 預定釋出日期:2017-10-11
D.18 初次釋出日期:2017-10-11
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2017-10-11
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E10060-1
http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E10060
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