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D00067
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政治體系與選舉行為:民國八十二年縣市長選舉的分析(台中市長)
A Changing Political System and Electoral Behavior: an Analysis of the1993 Election of the County Magistrate and the City Mayor
1.陳明通
1.Ming-tong Chen
1.國立臺灣大學三民主義研究所
1.The Graduate Institute of San Min Chu I, National Taiwan University
001,002,003,004
1.國立臺灣大學三民主義研究所
1.The Graduate Institute of San Min Chu I, National Taiwan University
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):1994-02-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):1995-07-31
A.16 收到日期:1999-07-08
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台中市的選民

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797


797
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SRDA.AS006
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18
C.2 聯絡日期:0000-00-00
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1.國立臺灣大學三民主義研究所
1.The Graduate Institute of San Min Chu I, National Taiwan University
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C.7 資料公開日期:0000-00-00
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008
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「政治體系與選舉行為:民國八十二年縣市長選舉的分析(台中市長)」是由國立台灣大學政治學研究所「政治體系變遷與選舉行為研究室」執行的調查計畫。旨在透過調查1993年舉行之縣市長選舉中選民的投票行為,分析影響選民進行決定因素,以建立台灣選舉與選民投票行為的理論模型。由於本次選舉為地方首長選舉,因此以縣市為研究單位。本計畫企圖藉由對民進黨執政的台北縣與國民黨執政的台中市進行調查,來進一步的進行對照研究以觀察現任者優勢與政黨因素的交互作用。

本資料檔為「政治體系與選舉行為:民國八十二年縣市長選舉的分析」以台中市長選舉為核心的問卷資料。問卷內容包括受訪者的個人背景(含家庭成員、職業、宗教信仰、收入與社會階層、社會關係等)、是否有參與政黨或其他組織、對國、民兩黨及新黨的印象與評價、選舉活動參與程度、對國民黨執政的滿意程度、對台中市長候選人個人與政見的評價、投票決定與否以及影響因素、社會關係與政治接觸、是否聽聞或遭遇賄選情況、政黨傾向與偏好、族群與公共事務議題、大眾媒體的使用、政治常識等。

本次調查以台中市具選舉權公民為母體,調查方式採分層等比例多階段抽樣原則。在台中市先以投票所為單位,將投票所依民進黨得票率以升冪排列,以P.P.S方式抽出投票所,再從中選投票所抽出受訪樣本。為確保足夠的樣本數,抽樣時並以等距抽樣法預留替代樣本,以因應受訪者無法受訪的情況。本計畫執行時間為1994年2月1日至1995年7月31日,調查方式採用面訪調查,最終樣本數為797案。

Within our analytical framework we draw a connection between the political system and the electoral activities of the populace. We first divided the electorate into two categories. The first are voters influenced by their voting orientation and the second are non-voters.

1. Voting behavior. Conceptually, we divided the voters into platform orientation and non-platform orientation. Platform orientation can be further divided into three types:(1) system identification,(2)structure of norms, and (3) ability to decide and execution of the decision. Non-platform orientation includes candidate orientation, relationship orientation, and the personal preferences of each voter. Candidate orientation encompasses a candidate\'s personality type, past achievements, education, career, family, etc. Relationship orientation includes a personal network, a social network, and a political network. Our past research showed that voters based their decisions on personal, psychological, and external factors. We listed seven factors in our analytical framework:(1)citizen responsibility(2)political trust and efficacy (3)instrumental voting orientation(4)party mobilization (5) effect of primary group (6)effect of secondary group (7)candidate\'s exhortation. 2. Non-voting behavior. In our analytical framework, we divided the reasons for not voting into two categories. The first set are objective factors which include: (1) health constraints such as illness or physical incapacity (2)natural environmental constraints such as natural disasters and long distances between home and the polling stations (3)social constraints such as pressure from social groups. The second set are subjective factors which include: (1) political distrust-the non-voter didn\'t believe that the electoral system could recruit good candidates or the elected candidate will be ineffective (2)political alienation-the non-voter felt political affairs were too complex leading to psychological evasion, or didn\'t discuss politics and therefore decided not to vote (3)low efficacy-the non-voter didn\'t think he or she could influence the performance of politicians or the government by voting, so he or she decided not to vote. This research survey focuses on the electorates of Taipei county and Taichung county. We used the multiple-stage sampling method which encompasses probabilities proportional to size (PPS), combined stratified sampling, systematic sampling, and double sampling in order to take advantage of the distinct benefits derived from each method.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:0000-00-00
D.17 預定釋出日期:0000-00-00
D.18 初次釋出日期:2001-10-31
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2001-10-31
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-D00067-1
http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/D00067
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