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D00066
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中國文化地區的政治文化與政治參與:中國大陸、台灣、香港三地之比較研究
Political Culture and Political Participation in the Different Chinese Cultural Areas: a Comparative Study of Mainland China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong
1.朱雲漢
1.Yun-han Chu
1.國立臺灣大學政治學系
1.Department of Political Science, National Taiwan University
001,002,003,004
1.國立臺灣大學政治學系
1.Department of Political Science, National Taiwan University
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1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):1993-03-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):1994-02-28
A.16 收到日期:1999-07-08
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全台灣地區選民

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1402

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C.2 聯絡日期:0000-00-00
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1.國立臺灣大學政治學系
1.Department of Political Science, National Taiwan University
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C.7 資料公開日期:0000-00-00
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1.中國大陸
2.台灣
3.政治文化
4.政治參與
5.政治變遷
6.香港
1.Hong Kong
2.Mainland China
3.Political Change
4.Political Culture
5.Political Participation
6.Taiwan
「中國文化地區的政治文化與政治參與:中國大陸、台灣、香港三地之比較研究」是由美國、大陸、台灣、香港四地地政治學研究者共同合作的跨國研究計畫。本計畫主要圍繞在兩個核心的問題:第一,在比較政治的研究議程上企圖衡量在同一文化背景、三個不同的政體下,文化論者與制度論者在解釋行為變遷的相對重要性;第二,分析政體變遷的文化面向,採用「系統文化」的分析架構,進行國家與社會的整體觀察,以及個人政治行為的個體觀察,探討政治文化的性質與結構,以及建構與變遷過程。

本資料檔為「中國文化地區的政治文化與政治參與:中國大陸、台灣、香港三地之比較研究」計畫,台灣地區的問卷資料。問卷內容包括受訪者的個人背景(含家庭成員、職業、宗教信仰、收入與社會階層、社會關係等)、政治與其他社團的參與經歷、選舉活動的參與經歷、政治興趣、涉入與認知程度、對個人與公共事務關係的意見、其他參與政治的形式與管道(如示威、罷工等)、對國家與傳統文化的認同程度、政黨偏好、投票決定與否以及影響決定的因素、政治功效感與對政府信賴程度等。

本計畫以台灣地區具選舉權之選民為研究母體,抽樣方法採分層等比例抽樣原則,依照歷屆選舉中,國、民兩黨及無黨籍候選人的得票率,將母體分為六層;按每層內選舉人數占台灣地區總選舉人數比例分配樣本數,先抽出鄉鎮市;再從鄉鎮市中投票所,最後抽出受訪樣本。同時為確保足夠的樣本數,全部抽樣採雙重抽樣,以等距抽樣法預留九倍替代樣本。本計畫於1993年七月到十月間進行調查,調查方式採用面訪方式。最終樣本數為1,402人。

This project has touched on two core research questions. First, in the field of comparative politics, we have attempted to document the relative importance of the cultural versus institutional influences of behavioral change in three different political regimes sharing similar Chinese cultural backgrounds. In addition, we have attempted to analyze the cultural dimensions surrounding changes in political regimes, a relationship often overlooked in the fields of political culture and political change.

We designed our survey questionnaire after having reviewed related studies conducted in countries such as the United States, Western and Eastern Europe, Japan, and Russia. Because our survey design is consistent with the surveys of many of these studies, we hope to eventually use our data to draw comparisons with the experiences of these and other countries. We have utilized both old and new testing methodologies in order to study the rapid socio-economic changes experienced in the political development of non-democratic areas in transition. One often neglected concept utilized in our survey is known as 'system culture' (Almond,1990: 153). This methodology takes into consideration the political participation and behavior of ordinary people during the process of policy implementation. We also present a new dimension that we call 'type of mobilization' for analyzing participation, and design an analytical framework to measure what we refer to as 'vertical efficacy;' again, two aspects of political participation that have frequently been overlooked in the analysis ofpolitical change.

This project has sought to reconsider the conceptualizations, theoretical assumptions, and measurements that have been developed based on the experiences of stable Western democracies by targeting the two critical concepts of political culture and political participation. The project has also made some necessary adjustments to consider the structural characteristics that have emerged in the processes of both authoritarian regime transition, as in the case of Taiwan, and socialist regime transition,as in the case of Mainland China. To obtain a measure of political culture, we have considered the attitudes of citizens towards the legitimacy of the state structure (the governing-value orientation) and the legitimacy of the regime structure ( thepower -value orientation). This approach has been a significant modification of the Western research tradition, which has typically taken citizen attitudes as the subject of political culture. We have also considered the social values relating to political behaviors as well as the operation of political institutions in our research. This methodology has helped to develop an appropriate framework to test the traditional values unique to Chinese culture, such as the role of inter-personal relationships, the outlook towards conflict-avoidance, and the ideals of rule of virtue and rule of man.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:0000-00-00
D.17 預定釋出日期:0000-00-00
D.18 初次釋出日期:2001-10-31
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2001-10-31
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-D00066-1
https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/D00066
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