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D00065
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政治體系變遷與選舉行為:民國八十一年第二屆立法委員選舉的分析
A Changing Political System and Electoral Behavior: An Analysis of the 1992 Election of the Legislative Yuan.
1.陳德禹
1.Te-yu Chen
1.國立臺灣大學政治學系
1.Department of Political Science, National Taiwan University
001,002,003,004
1.國立臺灣大學政治學系
1.Department of Political Science, National Taiwan University
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):1993-02-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):1994-07-31
A.16 收到日期:1999-07-08
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全台灣地區選民

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1398


1398
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SRDA.AS006
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C.2 聯絡日期:0000-00-00
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1.國立臺灣大學政治學系
1.Department of Political Science, National Taiwan University
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C.7 資料公開日期:0000-00-00
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008
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「政治體系變遷與選舉行為:民國八十一年第二屆立法委員選舉的分析」是由國立台灣大學政治學研究所「政治體系變遷與選舉行為研究室」執行的調查計畫。旨在透過調查1992年舉行之第二屆立委選舉中的投票行為,分析影響選民投票決定的動機與因素。本次選舉同時為繼1991年國代選舉之後的另一次中央民代全面改選,且立委職權對行政院具有重要的制衡功能,因此本次選舉成為台灣民主化進程的一個里程碑。本計畫因而同時意圖探討本次選舉所凸顯台灣的政治自由化與民主化意義、選舉制度的變革對選舉競爭的影響、選舉過程所出現的政治現象、以及舉結果所呈現的政治意義等議題。

本資料檔為「政治體系變遷與選舉行為:民國八十一年第二屆立法委員選舉的分析」問卷資料。問卷內容包括受訪者的個人背景(含家庭成員、職業、宗教信仰、收入與社會階層、社會關係等)、是否有參與政黨或其他組織、對國、民兩黨的印象與評價、族群認同與意識形態、對民主價值與公共事務的看法、投票決定與否與影響決定因素、重要政治議題(如中韓斷交、統獨、社福政策等)、對所選候選人的印象與評價、對公民投票的態度、對選務意見、政治意識與功效、選舉過程與對選舉結果感受、對選制公平性與效能意見、過去的投票經驗等。

本次調查以全台灣地區具選舉權之公民為母體。抽樣方法採分層等比例多階段抽樣法。在分層過程中先按都市發展程度分出台北市、高雄市、省轄市與縣四層,按選舉人數占台灣選舉人總數之比例分配各層樣本數。其次按民進黨得票率依降冪排列,抽出三個省轄市與縣;再從中選縣市與北、高兩市抽出投票所、最後抽出受訪對象。為確保足夠的樣本數,並以等距抽樣法預留替代樣本。本計畫執行間為1993年2月1日至1994年7月31日,調查方法採面訪調查,最終樣本數為1,398案。

The 1992 Election of the Legislative Yuan was the first overall reelection of the entire body following the retirement of senior legislators. This election continued the institutional setting of the 1992 election of the National Assembly that has the following features:(1) county and city as electoral districts: a legislator is elected through plural member districts which facilitated the electoral mobilization by local factions and did not favor the employment of propaganda usually taken in proportional representation elections.(2) proportional representation and the presentation of an island-wide party list showed the various platforms between the parties. This display gave this election the character of a national election, rather than a race in an individual district.(3) limited use of TV media: the use of media motivated the parties to come up with national election themes. The questionnaire includes: (1) background variables of the electorate (2) variable of exited psychological orientation about politics and society (3) group identity and consciousness (4) value orientation toward democracy (5) political trust and consciousness of efficacy (6) class identity and class-consciousness (7) party image and party identification (8) voting behavior (9) public opinion and election issues The sampling design of this research includes three stages: sampling method, determination of sample size, and process of sampling. (1) Sampling method: since this project is an island-wide survey, we choose to use the multiple-stage sampling method which takes the principle of probabilities proportional to size (PPS). (2) Sample size: after careful consideration of the needs of our research project, we decided on a sample size of 1400, which means that we sampled one out of every 9500 eligible respondents. (3) Process of sampling: first, we took into account the principle of stratification. Stratification refers to the division of the population according to some particular characteristic. The divisions were determined in line with the principle of maximizing similarities within divisions and maximizing differences between divisions. We divided the population into four stratums according to administrative level: Taipei metropolis, Kaohsiung metropolis, cities under the provincial government, and county. We sampled six counties and three municipal cities. The sample was distributed according to the proportion of the electorate each stratum contains to the total electorate in Taiwan. Then, each stratum was sorted according to the proportion of votes received by the DPP\'s candidates in the election. Finally,

D.16 完成檢誤日期:0000-00-00
D.17 預定釋出日期:0000-00-00
D.18 初次釋出日期:2001-10-31
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2001-10-31
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-D00065-1
http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/D00065
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