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D00064
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選舉行為、憲政秩序與政治變遷:民國八十年第二屆國大代表選舉的分析
Political System Change and Electoral Behavior: An Analysis of the 1991 National Assembly Elections
1.陳德禹
1.Te-yu Chen
1.國立臺灣大學政治學系
1.Department of Political Science, National Taiwan University
001,002,003,004
1.國立臺灣大學政治學系
1.Department of Political Science, National Taiwan University
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):1992-02-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):1993-01-31
A.16 收到日期:1999-07-08
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全台灣地區選民

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SRDA.AS006
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C.2 聯絡日期:0000-00-00
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1.國立臺灣大學政治學系
1.Department of Political Science, National Taiwan University
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C.7 資料公開日期:0000-00-00
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「選舉行為、憲政秩序與政治變遷:民國八十年第二屆國大代表選舉的分析」是由是由國立台灣大學政治學研究所「政治體系變遷與選舉行為研究室」執行的調查計畫。旨在透過調查1991年舉行之第二屆國大代表選舉中選民的投票行為,以分析影響選民投票決定的動機與因素,第一次中央民代選舉對政治體制造成的影響,國代選舉帶出的修憲議題,選舉過程中形成的選舉文化等等,並且建立符合台灣社會現狀的選民行為理論架構,探討台灣選舉與政治演變關聯的原理。

本資料檔是「選舉行為、憲政秩序與政治變遷:民國八十年第二屆國大代表選舉的分析」的問卷資料,問卷內容包括受訪者的個人背景(含家庭成員、職業、宗教信仰、收入與社會階層、社會關係等)、是否有參與政黨或其他組織、政黨傾向與偏好、對公共事務與統獨議題的意見、對國民黨與民進黨的印象與評價、對國民黨執政的滿意程度、對總統選舉形式與修憲議題的看法、對統獨議題與公投議題的意見、本次國代選舉活動的參與程度、投票最終決定與否及影響決定因素、對候選人的印象與資訊來源、是否聽聞或遭遇賄選情況、對選務公正性與效能的評價、過去選舉的投票經驗與決定等。

本次調查以全台灣地區選民為研究母體,並以各縣市選委會製作之第二屆國代選舉人名冊為抽樣清冊。抽樣方法採分層等比例多階段抽樣原則,首先案都市發展程度分出台北市、高雄市、省轄市與縣四層,並依人口比例分配應抽出樣本數,以民進黨得票率降冪排列抽出縣與省轄市,再從中選縣、市與北、高兩市抽出投票所,最後抽出受訪樣本,並為確保足夠的樣本總數,以等距抽樣法預留九倍的替代樣本。本次計畫執行期間為1992年2月1日至1993年1月31日。調查方法採面訪調查,最終樣本數為1,384案。

The name of this research project is \"Political System Change and Electoral Behavior: An Analysis of the 1991 National Assembly Elections\" (National Science Council series number NSC 81-0301-H-002-503). This project was primarily conducted by the Sun Yat-sen Institute of Social Sciences and Philosophy at Academia Sinica and assisted by the Workshop on Political System Change and Electoral Behavior at National Taiwan University. The principal investigator for the project was Professor Chen Te-yu of the Political Science Department at National Taiwan University. Associate investigators included Professors Hu Fu, Chu Yun-han, and Liang Shung -Lian, also of the NTU Political Science Department, Prof. You Ying-Lung of the Political Science Department of Soochow University, Dr. Shyu Huo-yan of Academia Sinica, and Prof. Chen Ming-Tong of the Graduate Institute of San Min Chu I at NTU.

Data for this project was gathered through a survey of the 1991 National Assembly elections. The primary purpose of the project was to gain a better understanding of the historical background of this election, what factors influenced voter turnout, and why certain candidates were favored. Our research covered several different but related topics. First, we investigated the relationship between the socio-economic background of voters and their party affiliations, including an analysis of class characteristics and group identity. We also investigated the origins of party preference and the role that the images and identities of parties played in influencing this preference. In addition, we analyzed the relationship between ethnic and national identities and voting behavior. This was accomplished by measuring the extent to which voters identified with either \'Taiwanese\' or \'Chinese\' ethnic identity and the extent to which voters supported either Taiwanese independence or Chinese reunification. Finally, our study asked questions regarding voting behavior, including questions about (1) the reasons for voting and nonvoting (2) the process of deciding how to vote, and (3) the origins of voting orientation.

Our research methodology utilized a multiple-stage sampling technique that incorporated the principles of probabilities proportional to size (PPS), stratified sampling, and systematic sampling. We designed our questionnaire to include both structured and open-ended questions. The questionnaire asked voters questions regarding their views on the political positions of the candidates, their opinions towards issues of independence and reunification, and the reasons why some of them cast invalid ballots.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:0000-00-00
D.17 預定釋出日期:0000-00-00
D.18 初次釋出日期:2001-10-31
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2001-10-31
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-D00064-1
http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/D00064
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