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D00063
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政治體系變遷與選舉行為:民國七十八年增額立法委員及縣市長選舉的分析(台灣省立委)
A Changing Political System and Electoral Behavior: An Analysis of the 1989 Supplementary Election of the Legislative Yuan and the Election of the County Magistrate and the City Mayor
1.陳德禹
1.Te-yu Chen
1.國立臺灣大學政治學系
1.Department of Political Science, National Taiwan University
001,002,003,004
1.國立臺灣大學政治學系
1.Department of Political Science, National Taiwan University
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):1989-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):1990-07-31
A.16 收到日期:1999-07-08
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在1983、1986、1989先後以對台灣地區 (包括台灣省、台北市、高雄市) 選民為母體,並以行政院中央選舉委員會公佈的區域立法委員選舉人名冊為抽樣清冊,進行抽樣與施測。

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SRDA.AS006
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C.2 聯絡日期:0000-00-00
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1.國立臺灣大學政治學系
1.Department of Political Science, National Taiwan University
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C.7 資料公開日期:0000-00-00
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「政治體系變遷與選舉行為:民國七十八年增額立法委員及縣市長選舉的分析(台灣省立委)」是由國立台灣大學政治學研究所「政治體系變遷與選舉行為研究室」執行的調查計畫。旨在透過調查1989年舉行之增額立委與縣市長選舉中選民的投票行為,以分析影響選民投票動機的因素,包括社會階層與經濟條件等主客觀條件對選民投票與否影響的程度,以及投票行為對於政治體制的影響,進而建構關於台灣選民投票行為的理論架構,與台灣政治體系運作的原理。

本資料檔為「政治體系變遷與選舉行為:民國七十八年增額立法委員及縣市長選舉的分析」以台灣省立委選舉為主軸的問卷資料,問卷內容包括受訪者的個人背景(含家庭成員、職業、宗教信仰、收入與社會階層、社會關係等)、是否有參與政黨或其他組織、對國、民兩黨的偏好與印象、對國民黨執政的滿意程度、對個人與公共事務關聯的看法、選舉活動的參與程度以及評價、選舉投票決定與否以及影響決定因素、對候選人的印象與評價以及訊息來源、對候選人證件的認同程度、是否聽聞或遭遇賄選情況、對選後政治狀況的評價、對選務公正性與效能的評價等。

本次調查以台灣地區(含台灣省與北、高兩市)具選舉權之公民為調查母體,以中選會公布之區域立委選舉人名冊為抽樣清冊進行抽樣。抽樣方法採分層等比例多階段抽樣原則。首先依都市發展程度分為台北市、高雄市、省轄市與縣四層;在各縣部分按民進黨得票率與P.P.S原則抽出縣,再抽出鄉鎮市,再從鄉鎮市中抽出投票所,最後抽出受訪者;省轄市部分由於為進行台中市長選舉分析,故列為當然中選區,其他則按民進黨得票率與P.P.S原則抽出其他省轄市,再抽出投票所,最後抽出受訪者;北、高兩市則依民進黨得票率與P.P.S原則抽出投票所後,再抽出受訪者。本計畫於採面訪方式進行調查,執行時間為1989年8月1日至1990年7月31日,最終樣本數為1,301案。

The series number of this National Science Council project is NSC79-0301-H-002-49. The principal researcher is Professor Chen Te-yu, faculty member of the political science department of National Taiwan University. The associate researchers are Professors Hu Fu, Chu Yun-han,Yuan Song-si, all faculty members of the political science department of National Taiwan University and Hung Yung-Tai, of National Chengchi University.

This is a research survey on the 1989 supplementary election of the Legislative Yuan and the election of the county magistrate and the city mayor.The purpose of this project is to understand the relationship between voting behavior and the political system. This research focuses on two main elements. The first part is electoral participation-the relationship between the voter\'s social background and their party identification and its effect on the decision-making process of the voter. This takes into account the variables of socio-economic background, class, and group identification. The second part is voting behavior which encompasses: (1)reasons for voting and not voting (2) deciding how to vote and (3)voting orientation. With the establishment of the first opposition party in 1985 in Taiwan, the election process has evolved into a two-party affair. This offered an excellent opportunity to observe how voters obtained their party image, how this image changed, and what influence it had on the voter. This project will also address these issues.

We used the multiple-stage sampling method which encompasses the principle of probabilities proportional to size (PPS), combined stratified sampling, and systematic sampling in order to take advantage of the distinct benefits derived from each method. In the design of the questionnaire, we used the structural questionnaire that included some open-ended questions concerning the voter\'s party image, view, and orientation.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:0000-00-00
D.17 預定釋出日期:0000-00-00
D.18 初次釋出日期:2001-10-31
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2001-10-31
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-D00063-1
http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/D00063
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